Ultrastructural and Chemical Characterization of a Cyanobacterial S-Layer Involved in Fine-Grain Mineral Formation

  • Susanne Schultze-Lam
  • Terry J. Beveridge
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 252)


Cyanobacteria belonging to the Synechococcus group are unicellular, marine or freshwater organisms which gain energy from light through oxygenic photosynthesis and carbon from CO2 (as HCO3- in the alkaline waters they usually inhabit). During CO2 fixation, HCO3- is taken into the cell and OH- is released, leading to alkalization of the microenvironment surrounding each cell (Miller and Colman, 1980). This pH effect has important geochemical implications in the natural environment.


Outer Membrane Oxygenic Photosynthesis Authigenic Mineral Computer Image Processing Synechococcus Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beveridge, T.J., and Fyfe, W.S., 1985, Metal fixation by bacterial cell walls, Earth Sci. 22: 1893.Google Scholar
  2. Brunskill, G.J., 1969, Fayetteville Green Lake, New York II: precipitation and sedimentation of calcite in a meromictic lake with laminated sediments, Limnol. Oceanogr. 14: 830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cairns-Smith, A.G., 1985, The first organisms, Sci. Am. 252: 90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ferris, F.G., Fyfe, W.S., and Beveridge, T.J., 1987a, Manganese oxide deposition in a hot spring microbial mat, Geomicrobiol. J. 5: 33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ferris, F.G., Fyfe, W.S., and Beveridge, T.J., 1987b, Bacteria as nucleation sites for authigenic minerals in a metal-contaminated lake sediment, Chem. Geol. 63: 225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Messner, P., and Sleytr, U.B., 1992, Crystalline bacterial cell surface layers, Adv. Microbial PhysioL 33: 213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Miller, A.G., and Colman, B., 1980, Evidence for HCO3- transport by the blue-green alga (cyanobacterium) Coccochloris peniocystis, Plant Physiol. 65: 397.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sara, M., and Sleytr, U.B., 1989, Use of regularly structured bacterial cell envelope layers as matrix for the immobilization of macromolecules, AppL Microbiol. Biotechnol. 30: 184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Schultze-Lam, S., Harauz, G., and Beveridge, T.J., 1992, Participation of a cyanobacterial S layer in fine-grain mineral formation, J. Bacteriol. (in press).Google Scholar
  10. Schultze-Lam, S., Harauz, G., and Beveridge, T.J., 1992, Characterization of the S layer from the cyanobacterium Synechococcus GL24, Abstr. 92nd Annu. Meet. Amer. Soc. Microbiol.Google Scholar
  11. Takano, T., and Dickerson, R.E., 1981, Conformation change of cytochrome C, J. Mol. BioL 153: 213.Google Scholar
  12. Thompson, J.B., Ferris, F.G., and Smith, D.A., 1990, Geomicrobiology and sedimentology of the mixolimnion and chemocline in Fayetteville Green Lake, New York, Palaois 5: 52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Thompson, J.B., and Ferris, F.G., 1990, Cyanobacterial precipitation of gypsum, calcite, and magnesite from natural alkaline lake water, Geology 18: 995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Schultze-Lam
    • 1
  • Terry J. Beveridge
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology College of Biological ScienceUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

Personalised recommendations