Contemporary Elaborations of Vygotskian Theory

  • Gerald Young
Part of the The Springer Series in Adult Development and Aging book series (SSAD)


Wertsch (1991; also see Miller, 1994) has extended Vygotsky’s theory by applying Bakhtin’s (e.g., 1981) concept that “dialogic interanimation” characterizes the voices of any one speaker and the discourse of partners in communication. When we listen, volleys of answering or counter words are elicited in mentation by each utterance. This principal of dialogicality applies to both inner and public speech. The speaker’s culture is one of the voices that speaks through the speaker, in that a social language or speech genre (e.g., social class, professional grouping) qualifies presentation style. Thus, speech is inherently historical, cultural, and institutional. It is a coexistential “heteroglot” (in Cazden, 1993). It has a “stylistic aura,” a generic meaning, or a sociocultural intentional denotation.


Cognitive Development Joint Attention Knowledge Construction Proximal Development Cognitive Complexity 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald Young
    • 1
  1. 1.Glendon CollegeYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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