Demography started with a statistical study of mortality (Durand, 1962); however, the subject lost its priority on the way. After the routinization of data collection and compilation and the development of basic measures of mortality, demographers began to believe that most of what needed to be known had been discovered, and that not many challenges remained to be met in that quarter of demographic studies. Fertility started to receive increasingly more attention. Recently, however, mortality has staged a comeback and is no longer a neglected topic. The aging of the population in the more developed countries, the dramatic drop in mortality from certain causes of death, methodological developments, and the availability of new data (e.g., on multiple causes of death), are among the factors responsible for the renewed interest in mortality research.
KeywordsLife Expectancy Infant Mortality Life Table Black Male Crude Death Rate
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