Design of lasers relevant to their application

  • Walter Koechner
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 1)


In this chapter we will attempt to illustrate the relationship which exists between the intended application of a laser system and the important design features. Because of space limitations, and because most applications are remote from the field of the laser itself, we will not attempt to discuss the applications themselves. Rather we will describe the design and engineering aspects of the lasers employed in different fields. Important features and critical parameters will be highlighted.


Beam Divergence Pockels Cell Pulse Separation Pump Cycle Lawrence Livermore Laboratory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 11.1
    S. S. Charschan, ed.: Lasers in Industry ( Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1972 )Google Scholar
  2. 11.2
    L. Goldman: Applications of the Laser (CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1973 )Google Scholar
  3. 11.3
    R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, L. H. Lin: Optical Holography ( Academic Press, New York, 1971 )Google Scholar
  4. 11.4
    M. Stitch: Laser Handbook, 2, ed. F. T. Arecchi, E. O. Schulz-DuBois ( North Holland, Amsterdam, 1972 ), pp. 1745–1804Google Scholar
  5. 11.5
    Hadron Inc., Korad Division, Santa Monica, Calif., Brochure: High Brightness Laser Systems Model K1300 (1973)Google Scholar
  6. 11.6
    W. F. Hagen: Optical Spectra, 22 (December 1971)Google Scholar
  7. 11.7
    Compagnie Industrielle des Lasers, Marcoussis, France: Brochure: Recent Development in CILAS Glass Lasers (1973); also Neodymium Glass VD-VK (1971)Google Scholar
  8. 11.8
    J. M. McMahon, J. L. Emmett: Development of high power Nd: glass laser systems, Proc. 11th Symp. on Electr. Ion and Laser Beams Techn., San Francisco, Calif. (May 1971), pp. 269–278Google Scholar
  9. 11.9
    J. H. Boyden, E. G. Erickson: Second harmonic generations, Report AD729681, Holobeam Inc., Paramus, N. J. (1971)Google Scholar
  10. 11.10
    Chromatix Inc., Mountain View, Calif.: Brochure: Model 1000 Nd:YAG (1972)Google Scholar
  11. 11.11
    R. F. Wuerker, L. O. Heflinger: Ruby laser holography, S.P.I.E. Journal9, 122 (May 1971)Google Scholar
  12. 11.12
    F. C. Jahoda, R. E. Siemon: Holographic interferometry cookbook, Report La-5058-MS, Los Alamos, Scientific Lab. University of California, Los Alamos, New Mexico (October 1972)Google Scholar
  13. 11.13
    M. J. Landry: IEEE J. Quant. Electr. QE-9, 604 (1973)Google Scholar
  14. 11.14
    F. P. Gagliano, R. M. Lumley, L. S. Watkins: Proc. IEEE 57, 114 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 11.15
    W. Koechner: Optical design problems in industrial solid state lasers, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instr. Eng. 69, 148 (1975)Google Scholar
  16. 11.16
    Raytheon Co., Waltham, Mass., Special Microwave Div.: Brochure: Laser Welding System, Model SS-380 (1973)Google Scholar
  17. 17a E. G. Erikson, L. L. Harper: Picosecond-pulse, fieldable frequency-doubled Nd: YAG laser system for ultra precision ranging. Paper 4.10 conf. on Laser Eng. and Appl., Washington, D.C. (May 1975)Google Scholar
  18. 17b R. K. Long: Proc. IEEE51, 859 (1963)Google Scholar
  19. 11.18
    W. J. Rundle: Performance of a 2 GW ruby laser designed for lunar ranging, presented EIA-US Dept. of Comm, Paris Laser Colloquium (November 1969)Google Scholar
  20. 19a T. R. Gagnier, E. W. Kimball, R. R. Selleck: Laser reliability prediction. Final report RADC-TR-75–210, Rome Air Devel. Center, Griffiss AFB, New York (August 1975)Google Scholar
  21. 11.
    b A. Cabezas, Hughes Aircraft Comp., Culver City, Calif.: private communicationGoogle Scholar
  22. 11.20
    D. W. Coffey, V. J. Norris: Appl. Opt. 11, 1013 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 11.21
    F. Kobylarz, R. Wright: Mini-laser rangefinder, Proc. 6th Dept. of Defense Conf. on Laser Techn., U.S. Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Col. (March 1974)Google Scholar
  24. 11.
    International Laser Systems, Inc., Orlando, Fla.: Brochure: Frequency Doubled Pulsed Nd: YAG LasersGoogle Scholar
  25. 11.23
    K. Boyer: Astronautics & Aeronautics, 28 (January 1973)Google Scholar
  26. 11.24
    M. Lubin, A. Fraas: Sci. Am. 224, 23 (1971)Google Scholar
  27. 11.25
    J. Nuckolls, L. Wood, A. Thiessen, G. Zimmerman: Nature 239, 139 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 11.26
    M. Lubin: Astronautics & Aeronautics, 42 (November 1970)Google Scholar
  29. 11.27
    J. L. Emmett, J. Nuckolls, L. Wood: Sci. Am. 230, 24 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 11.28
    J. Soures, S. Kumpan, J. Hoose: Appl. Opt. 13, 2081 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 11.29
    Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Univ. of Calif., Livermore, Calif., Laser Fusion Program Semiannual Reports UCRL–50021–71 (1971); UCRL–50021–72–1,2 (1972); UCRL–50021–73–1,2 (1973); Laser Fusion Program Annual Reports UCRL–50021–74 (1974); UCRL50021–75 (1975)Google Scholar
  32. 11.30
    W. S. Martin: Performance characteristics of a face-pumped, face-cooled slab laser. Tech. Report AFAL-TR-71–63, Air Force Avionics Lab., WPAFB, Ohio (1971)Google Scholar
  33. 11.31
    M. J. Lubin, J. Soures, L. M. Goldman: A large aperture Nd: glass face-pumped laser amplifier for high peak power applications. Report 72CRD143, General Electric Co., Schenectady, N.Y. (1972)Google Scholar
  34. 11.32
    J. C. Almasi, J. P. Chernoch, W. S. Martin, K. Tomiyasu: Face-pumped lasers. Report to the Office of Naval Research, ARPA Order No. 306, General Electric Co., Washington, D.C. (1966)Google Scholar
  35. 11.33
    J. Z. Swain, R. E. Kidder, K. Pettipiece, F. Rainer, E. D. Baird, B. Loth: J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3973 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 11.34
    J. M. McMahon: IEEE J. Quant. Electr. QE-9, 992 (1973)Google Scholar
  37. 11.35
    C. R. Jones, P. V. Avizonis, D. Sivgals: Experimental investigation of the behavior of Nd: glass laser amplifier. NBS Spec. Publ. No. 341, U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Washington, D.C., (1970) pp. 28–36Google Scholar
  38. 11.36
    G. I. Linford, H. H. Chau, J. A. Glaze, C. B. Layne, F. Rainer: Appl. Opt. 14, 3057 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 11.37
    W. F. Hagen: Laser design and performance. Presented at Laser Technology Transfer Symposium, Lawrence Livermore Lab., Univ. of Calif., Livermore, Calif., Dec. 10–11 (1975)Google Scholar
  40. 11.38
    W. D. Fountain: The LLL B75 Nd:glass disc amplifier. Presented at Laser Technology Symposium, Lawrence Livermore Lab., Univ. of Calif., Livermore, Calif., Dec. 10–11 (1975)Google Scholar
  41. 11.39
    P. N. Mace, R. L. Tanner: IEEE J. Quant. Electr. QE-10, 267 (1974)Google Scholar
  42. 11.40
    R. R. Johnson, D. E. Solomon: Research Developm. 26, 55 (1975)Google Scholar
  43. 11.41
    C. E. Thomas, L. D. Siebert: Appl. Opt. 15, 462 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 11.42
    K. A. Brueckner, S. Jorna, K. Moncur: Appl. Opt. 13, 2183 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 11.43
    T. J. Gilmartin, R. O. Godwin, J. W. Davis, W. F. Hagen, C. H. Hurley, G. W. Leppelmeier, G. J. Linford, J. O. Myall, W. C. O’Neal, J. B. Trenholme: 10 Kilojoule SHIVA laser system for fusion experiments at LLL. Presented at IEEE/OSA Conf. on Laser Eng. and Applic., Washington, D.C. (May 1975)Google Scholar
  46. 11.44
    W. W. Simmons, F. Rainer, R. D. Boyd, C. C. Fetterman, J. A. Glaze: Terawatt laser performance. Paper 8. 6, Conf. on Laser Eng. and Appl., Washington, D.C. (May 1975)Google Scholar
  47. 11.45
    K. A. Brueckner, B. Guscott, S. Jorna, K. Moncur, L. Siebert: Laser beam divergence and damage in glass amplifiers. NBS Special Publication No. 414, p. 2 ( US Gov. Print-Office, Washington 1974 )Google Scholar
  48. 11.46
    J. Trenholme: Review of Small Signal Theory. Laser Program Annual Report, UCRL-50021–74 Univ. of Calif., Lawrence Livermore Lab. Livermore, Calif., p. 178 (1974)Google Scholar
  49. 11.47
    J. B. Trenholme: Optics in laser fusion. Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instr. Eng. 69, 158 (1975)Google Scholar
  50. 11.48
    E. S. Bliss, D. R. Speck, J. F. Holzrichter, J. H. Erkkila, A. J. Glass: Appl. Phys. Lett., 25, 448 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 11.49
    E. S. Bliss, J. T. Hunt, P. A. Renard, G. E. Sommargren, H. J. Weaver: Effects of nonlinear propagation on laser focusing properties. Univ. Calif., Lawrence Livermore Lab., Preprint UCRL-77557 (1975)Google Scholar
  52. 11.50
    E. S. Bliss, G. E. Sommargren, H. J. Weaver: Loss of focusable energy due to small scale nonlinear effects. Paper 8. 2, Conf. on Laser Eng. and Appl., Washington, D.C. (May 1975)Google Scholar
  53. 11.51
    J. A. Glaze: High energy glass lasers. Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instr. Eng. 69, 45 (1975)Google Scholar
  54. 11.52
    W. W. Simmons, S. Guch, F. Rainer, J. E. Murray: A high energy spatial filter for removal of small scale beam instabilities in high power solid state lasers. Paper 8. 4, Conf. on Laser Eng. and Appl., Washington, D.C. (May 1975)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Koechner
    • 1
  1. 1.Korad Division of Hadron, Inc.Santa MonicaUSA

Personalised recommendations