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The Lactic Acid Bacteria

  • Kenneth C. Fugelsang

Abstract

The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from wine are located in two families and three genera (with several species and strains). The Lactobacillaceae, represented by the genus Lactobacillus, includes rod-shaped Gram-positive species and their respective strains (see Fig. 1-1), whereas the Streptococcaceae represented by the genera Pediococcus and Leuconostoc, includes Gram-positive coccoid- or coccobacilloid-shaped isolates (see Figs. 1-2 and 1-3). Both groups may grow as somewhat characteristic aggregations of cells. These may include chains of lenticular or sausage-shaped cells, in the case of Leuconostoc oenos, filamentous chains (Lactobacillus fructivorans), and tetrads that result from division in two planes (Pediococcus damnosus).

Keywords

Lactic Acid Bacterium Alcoholic Fermentation White Wine Lactic Acid Bacterium Strain Wine Yeast 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth C. Fugelsang
    • 1
  1. 1.California State UniversityFresnoUSA

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