Calculation of Binary Distribution Functions and Thermodynamic Characteristics of Aqueous Solutions of Strong Electrolytes by the Monte Carlo Method
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An aqueous solution of a strong electrolyte is a system consisting of positive and negative solute ions distributed among the polar water molecules. In attempting to give a theoretical description of the thermodynamic properties of such a system, one is confronted with difficulties resulting from the extreme mathematical complexity of the statistical problem, inwhichconsideration must be given to all the different types of interaction in the system (ion-ion, ion-dipole, and dipole-dipole), the repulsive forces over short distances, and the specific interaction of the water molecules with one another, which entails formation of hydrogen bonds.
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