The Properties of Aqueous Solutions at Subzero Temperatures

  • Felix Franks
Part of the Water book series (WCT, volume 7)


The past 15 years have witnessed an increasing interest in the many changes which accompany the freezing and thawing of aqueous systems. Even so, most of the experimental and theoretical advances during that period have been achieved against a background of general unawareness by those who are the would-be exploiters of such knowledge. This chapter is an account of the physical and chemical changes undergone by aqueous systems at low temperatures, in the frozen or nonfrozen state. Some biological implications are also considered.


Cool Rate Latent Heat Nucleation Rate Homogeneous Nucleation Osmotic Dehydration 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felix Franks
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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