Development of Visual Capabilities

  • Nigel W. Daw
Part of the Perspectives in Vision Research book series (PIVR)


Infants can presumably see at birth. They can imitate mouth opening, as opposed to tongue protrusion, within a few hours of birth (Salapatek and Cohen, 1987). While they may not discriminate their mother’s face reliably from a stranger’s, unless voice is present, they do look at their mother for longer than the stranger. They may not look their mother in the eye until 2 months of age, but this is because they are inspecting external features of the face, such as the chin and hairline, rather than internal features, such as the eyes. All of this shows a substantial amount of visual perception at birth, and some control of eye movements. What develops after birth is a refinement of these properties.


Spatial Frequency Contrast Sensitivity Visual Evoke Potential Human Infant Depth Perception 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nigel W. Daw
    • 1
  1. 1.Yale University Medical SchoolNew Haven, ConnecticutUK

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