I

  • Douglas M. Considine
  • Glenn D. Considine

Keywords

Blast Furnace Thermal Insulation Iodine Deficiency Code Word Binary Digit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Additional Reading

  1. Hammond, C. R., Ed.: “Handbook of Chemistry and Physics,” 67th Ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 1986–1987.Google Scholar
  2. Fairbridge, R. W., Ed.: “Encyclopedia of Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences,” Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1972.Google Scholar
  3. Jayaraman, A.: “The Diamond-Anvil High-Pressure Cell,” Sci. Amer., 250 (4), 54–62 (April 1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jayaraman, A.: “Diamond Anvil Cell and High-Pressure Physical Investigations,” Rev. of Modern Physics, 55 (1), 65–108 (January 1983).MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kukla, G., and J. Gavin: “Summer Ice and Carbon Dioxide,” Science, 214, 497503 (1981).Google Scholar
  6. Oerlemans, J., and C. J. Van Der Veen: “Ice Sheets and Climate,” Reidel, Boston, Massachusetts, 1984.Google Scholar
  7. DeVries, A. L.: “Biological Antifreeze Agents in Coldwater Fishes,” in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 73A (4) 627 (1982).Google Scholar
  8. DeWitt, H.: “Coastal and Deep-Water Benthic Fishes of the Antarctic,” in Antarctic Map Folio Series, Folio 15 ( V. C. Bushnell, Editor) American Geographical Society, New York, 1971.Google Scholar
  9. Eastman, J. T.: “The Evolution of Neutrally Buoyant Antarctic Fishes: Their Specialization and Potential Interactions in the Antarctic Marine Food Web,” in Antarctic Nutrient Cycles and Food Webs (Proceedings of the Fourth SCAR Symposium on Antarctic Biology) ( R. W. Siegfried, P. R. Condy, and R. M. Laws, Editors) Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985.Google Scholar
  10. Eastman, J. T., and A. L. DeVries: “Antarctic Fishes,” Sci. Amer., 106 (November 1986).Google Scholar
  11. Knight, C. A., and A. L. DeVries: “Melting Inhibition and Superheating of Ice by an Antifreeze Glycopeptide,” Science, 505 (August 4, 1989 ).Google Scholar
  12. Baker, H.: “A Bright Idea,” Advanced Materials and Processes, 8 (May 1989). Brou, P., et al.: “The Color of Things,” Sci. Amer., 84 (September 1986).Google Scholar
  13. Buckwald, J. D.: “The Rise of the Wave Theory of Light,” Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, 1989.Google Scholar
  14. Cherfas, J, J.: “Skeptics and Visionaries Examine Energy Savings (Fluorescent Bulbs),” Science, 154 (January 11, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  15. Corcoran, E.: “Body Heat: QWIPs Offer a New Way to See in the Dark,” Sci. Amer., 123 (October 1991).Google Scholar
  16. Greenberg, D. P.: “Light Reflection Models for Computer Graphics,” Science, 166 (April 14, 1989 ).Google Scholar
  17. Hamilton, D. P.: “Efficient Bulb Sees (Most of) The Light,” Science, 1084 (November 22, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  18. Hurlburt, A. C., and T. A. Poggio: “Synthesizing a Color Algorithm from Examples,” Science, 482 (January 29, 1988 ).Google Scholar
  19. Kaufman, J. E., Editor: “IES Lighting Handbook,” (Application Volume Chapter 2), Illuminating Engineering Society, New York (frequently updated).Google Scholar
  20. Kubel, E. J., Jr.: “Surface Treatment with a High-Intensity Arc Lamp,” AdvancedMaterials and Processes, 37 (September 1990).Google Scholar
  21. Lieberman, K. et al.: “A Light Source Smaller Than the Optical Wavelength,” Science, 59 (January 5, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  22. Mauldin, J. H.: “Light, Lasers, and Optics,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988. Peterson, I.: “Putting a Far Finer Point on Visible Light,” Science News, 7 (January 6, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  23. Peterson, I, I.: “Bubble Light in the Blink of an Eye,” Science News, 292 (May 11, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  24. Roberts, G. G. G.: “The Bridge of Technology (Light Sources),” Review (The Univ. ofWales), 57, (Spring 1989 ).Google Scholar
  25. Ross, P. E.: “A Million Watts of Light: World’s Most Powerful Light,” Sci. Amer., 138 (November 1990).Google Scholar
  26. Schivelbusch, W: “Disenchanted Night-The Industrialization of Light in the Nineteenth Century,” Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, California, 1988.Google Scholar
  27. Staff: “Lighting and Human Performance: A Review,” Lighting Equipment Division, National Electrical Manufacturers’ Association, Lighting Research Institute, Washington, D.C., 1987.Google Scholar
  28. Staff: “Studies Show Lighting Affects Productivity,” Electrical World (June 15, 1975 ).Google Scholar
  29. Staff: “Lighting The Office,” The Office (September 1976).Google Scholar
  30. Staff: “Luminaires Light Spanish High-Rise,” In-Tech, 12 (December 1989).Google Scholar
  31. Walker, J.: “The Colors Seen in the Sky Offer Lessons in Optical Scattering,” Sci. Amer, 102 (January 1989).Google Scholar
  32. Williams, D, D.: “Let There Be Lights!” Case Alumnus, 2 (Spring/Summer 1992 ).Google Scholar
  33. Angell, M.: “A Dual Approach to the AIDS Epidemic,” N. Eng. J Med., 1498 (May 23, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  34. Batter, M, M.: “East Europe: A Chance to Stop HIV,” Science, 1964 (December 24, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  35. Bayer, R.: “Public Health Policy and the AIDS Epidemic,” N. Eng. J Med., 1500 (May 23, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  36. Cohen, J.: “T Cell Shift: Key to AIDS Therapy?” Science, 175 (October 8, 1993). Cohen, J.: “Aids Vaccine Research,” Science, 1820 (December 17, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  37. Diamond, J.: “The Mysterious Origin of AIDS,” Natural History, 24 (September 1992).Google Scholar
  38. Fauci, A. S.: “Multifactorial Nature of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease: Implications for Therapy,” Science, 1011 (November 12, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  39. Greene W. C.: “AIDS and the Immune System,” Sci. Amer., 98 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  40. Janeway, C. A., Jr.: “How the Immune System Recognizes Invaders,” Sci. Amer., 772 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  41. Jenkins, M. K.: “The Role of Cell Division in the Induction of Clonal Anergy,” Immunology Today, 69 (February 1992).Google Scholar
  42. Lichtenstein, L. M.: “Allergy and the Immune System,” Sci. Amer., 116 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  43. Marx, J, J.: “Cell Communication Failure Leads to Immune Disorder,” Science, 896 (February 12, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  44. Marrack, E, and J. W. Kappler: “How the Immune System Recognizes the Body,” Sci. Amer., 80 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  45. Mitchison, A.: “Will We Survive?” Sci. Amer., 136 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  46. Nossal, G. J. V: “Life, Death and the Immune System,” Sci. Amer., 52 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  47. Paul, W. E.: “Infectious Diseases and the Immune System,” Sci. Amer., 90 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  48. Rogers, D. E., and J. E. Osborn: “Another Approach to the Aids Epidemic,” N. Eng. J. Med., 806 (Sept. 12, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  49. Roitt, I. M.: “Essential Immunology,” 7th Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, New York, 1991.Google Scholar
  50. Schwartz, R. H.: “A Cell Culture Model for T Lymphocyte Clonal Anergy,” Science, 1349 (June 15, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  51. Schwartz, R. H.: “Costimulation of T Lymphocytes: The Role of CD28, CTLA-4, and B7/BBi in Interleukin-2 Production and Immunotherapy,” Cell, 1065 (December 24, 1992 ).Google Scholar
  52. Schwartz, R. H.: “Immunologic Tolerance,” in Fundamental Immunology, 3rd Edit., Raven Press, New York, 1993.Google Scholar
  53. Schwartz, R. H.: “T Cell Anergy,” Sci. Amer., 62 (August 1993).Google Scholar
  54. Steinman, L.: “Autoimmune Disease,” Sci. Amer., 106 (September 1993). Toufu, Z., et al: “Genotypic and Phenotypic Characterization of HIV-1 in Patients with Primary Infection,” Science, 1179 (August 27, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  55. Weissman, I. L., and M. D. Cooper: “How the Immune System Develops,” Sci. Amer., 64 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  56. Wigzell, H.: “The Immune System as a Therapeutic Agent,” Sci. Amer., 126 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  57. Klimiuk, P. S., et al.: “Autonomic Neuropathy in System Sclerosis,” Ann. Rheum. Dis., 47, 542 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Krane, R. J., Goldstein, I., and I. Saenz de Tejada: “Impotence,” N. Eng. J. Med., 1648 (December 14, 1989 ).Google Scholar
  59. Palmer, R. M. J., Ashton, D. S., and S. Moncada: “Vascular Endothelial CellsGoogle Scholar
  60. Synthesize Nitric Oxide from 1-arginine,“ Nature 333, 664 (1988).Google Scholar
  61. Rajfer, J., et al.: “Nitric Oxide as a Mediator of Relaxation of the Corpus Caver- nosum in Response to Nonadrenergic, Noncholinergic Neurotransmission,” New Eng. Med., 90 (January 9, 1992 ).Google Scholar
  62. Shabsigh, R., Fishman, I. J., and F. B. Scott, I. J., and F. B. Scott: “Evaluation of Erectile Impotence,” Urology, 32, 83 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Barton, J H.: “Patenting Life,” Sci. Amer. 40 (March 1991).Google Scholar
  64. Fitzpatrick, S. W., Ma’ayan, A.and J. F. Waggett: “Implement Good Manufacturing Practices for the Production of Biopharmaceuticals,” Chem. Eng. Progress, 26 (December 1990).Google Scholar
  65. Foster, E. M.: “A Half Century of Microbiology,” Food Technology, 208 (September 1989).Google Scholar
  66. Garg, S. and D. P. Garg: “Genetic Engineering and Pollution Control,” Chem. Eng. Progress, 46 (May 1990).Google Scholar
  67. Gorner, P. and R. Kotulak: “Gene Splicers Putting New Food on the Table,” Food Technology, 46 (August 1991).Google Scholar
  68. Harlander, S.: “Introduction to Biotechnology,” Food Technology, 44 (July 1989).Google Scholar
  69. Harlander, S.: “Food Biotechnology,” Food Technology, 196 (September 1989).Google Scholar
  70. Harlander, S.: “Social, Moral, and Ethical Issues in Food Biotechnology,” Food Technology, 152 (May 1991).Google Scholar
  71. Kiely, T.: “Is Biotech Safe for the Big Time?” Technology Review (MIT), 24 (October 1991).Google Scholar
  72. Korwek, E. L.: “Food Biotechnology Regulation: Overview of Selected Issues,” Food Technology, 76 (March 1990).Google Scholar
  73. Levin, M. A. and H. S. Strauss, Eds.: “Risk Assessment in Genetic Engineering,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1991.Google Scholar
  74. Ludwig, S. R. et al: “A Regulatory Gene as a Novel Visible Marker for Maize Transformation,” Science, 449 (January 26, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  75. Marmelstein, N. H.: “Continuous Fermentor Produces Natural Flavor Enhancers for Foods and Pet Foods,” Food Technology, 50 (July 1989).Google Scholar
  76. Slater, J. H. H.: “Microbes in the Natural Environment: Biotechnology for the Biosphere,” Review (Univ. of Wales), 11 (Spring 1989 ).Google Scholar
  77. Wasserman, B. P.: “Expectation and Role of Biotechnology in Improving Fruit and Vegetable Quality,” Food Technology, 68 (February 1990).Google Scholar
  78. Caldwell, J. C., and P. Caldwell: “High Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Sci. Amer., 118 (May 1990).Google Scholar
  79. Coale, A. J. et al.: “Recent Trends in Fertility and Nuptiality in China,” Science, 389 (January 25, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  80. Djerassi, C, C.: “Fertility Awareness: Jet-Age Rhythm Method,” Science, 1061 (June 1, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  81. Fornos, W, W.: “Population Politics,” Technology Review (MIT), 43 (February/March 1991 ).Google Scholar
  82. Frisch, R. E.: “Fatness and Fertility,” Sci. Amer., 89 (March 1988).Google Scholar
  83. Torrey, B. B., and W. W. Kingkade: “Population Dynamics of the United States and the Soviet Union,” Science, 1548 (March 30, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  84. Chance, J. F.: “Treatment of Influenza,” N. Eng. J. Med., 1753 (June 14, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  85. Douglas, R. G., Jr.: “Prophylaxis and Treatment of Influenza,” N. Eng. J. Med., 443 (February 15, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  86. Kilbourne, E. D. D.: “Influenza,” Plenum, New York, 1987.Google Scholar
  87. Oehen. S., Hengartner, H., and R. M. Zinkernagel: “Vaccination for Disease,” Science, 195 (January 11, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  88. Cowen, R.: “Lifting a Dusty Veil to Clear IRAS’ View,” Sci. News, 182 (September 22, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  89. Crease, R. P.: “Millimeter Astronomers Push for New Telescope,” Science, 1504 (September 28, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  90. Encrenaz, T. H., and M. F. Kessler, Editors: “Infrared Astronomy with ISO,” Nova, Commack, New York, 1992.Google Scholar
  91. Gatley, I., DePoy, D. L., and A. M. Fowler: “Astronomical Imaging with Infrared Array Detectors,” Science, 1264 (December 2, 1988 ).Google Scholar
  92. NOAO: “IRAF—Image Reduction and Analysis Facility,” National Optical Astronomy Observatories,“ Tucson, Arizona, 1988.Google Scholar
  93. Olson, C.: “Tiny `Eye’ Produces Unique View: Longwave Infared Sensor,” Hughes News, 1 (August 24, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  94. Waldrop, M. M.: “A Window Looking Out on Creation,” Science, 32 (October 5, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  95. Drexage, M. G., and C. T. Moynihan: “Infrared Optical Fibers,” Sci. Amer., 110 (November 1988).Google Scholar
  96. Durham, R. M.: “Infrared Process Analyzers,” in Process Instruments and Con-trols Handbook ( D. M. Considine, Editor), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993.Google Scholar
  97. Stoutland, P. O., Dyer, R. B., and W. H. Woodruff: “Ultrafast Infrared Spectros-copy,” Science, 1913 (September 25, 1992 ).Google Scholar
  98. Amato, I, I.: “Insect Inscriptions,” Science News, 376 (June 16, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  99. Beardsley, T. M.: “Parasitic Intruders Manipulate Host Behavior,” Sci. Amer., 26 (July 1989).Google Scholar
  100. Conniff, R.: “Inventorying Life in a `Biotic Frontier Before It Disappears,” Smithsonian, 80 (September 1986).Google Scholar
  101. Erickson, D.: “An Acoustic Sensor Spies on Insects,” Sci. Amer., 131 (February 1991).Google Scholar
  102. Hochberg, M. E., and B. A. Hawkins: “Refuges as a Predictor of Parasitoid Diversity,” Science, 973 (February 21, 1992 ).Google Scholar
  103. Horgan, J.: “The Man Who Loves Insects,” Sci. Amer., 60 (December 1991). Lee, R. E., Jr., and D. L. Denlinger, Editors. “Insects at Low Temperatures,” Chapman and Hall, New York, 1991.Google Scholar
  104. Lockey, R. F.: “Immunotherapy for Allergy to Insect Stings,” N. Eng. J. Med., 1627 (December 6, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  105. Storey, K. B., and J. M. Storey: “Frozen and Alive,” Sci. Amer., 92 (December 1990).Google Scholar
  106. Tauber, M. J., Tauber, C. A., and S. Masaki: “Seasonal Adaptation of Insects,” Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 1986.Google Scholar
  107. Wootton, R. J.: “The Mechanical Design of Insect Wings,” Sci. Amer., 114 (November 1990).Google Scholar
  108. Baringa, M, M.: “Entomologists in the Medfly Maelstrom,” Science, 1168 (March 9, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  109. Barrett, S. C. H. H.: “Waterweed Invasions,” Sci. Amer., 90 (October 1989). Bolgiano, C.: “Taking AIPM (Appalachian Integrated Pest Management) at the Gypsy Moth,” Amer. Forests, 37 (March/April 1989 ).Google Scholar
  110. Dodge, A. D., Editor: “Herbicides and Plant Metabolism,” Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
  111. Gibbons, A.: “Moths Take the Field Against Biopesticide (Bacillus thuringiensis),” Science, 646 (November 1, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  112. Greene, C, C.: “Environmental Concern Sparks Renewed Interest in Integrated Pest Management,” Food Review, 8 (April—June 1991 ).Google Scholar
  113. Greene, C., and G. Zepp: “Changing Pesticide Regulations: A Promise for Safer Produce,” Nat’l Food Rev., 12 (July—September 1989 ).Google Scholar
  114. Eastman, J. T., and A. L. DeVries: “Antarctic Fishes,” Sci. Amer., 106 (November 1986).Google Scholar
  115. Knight, C. A., and A. L. DeVries: “Melting Inhibition and Superheating of Ice by an Antifreeze Glycopeptide,” Science, 505 (August 4, 1989 ).Google Scholar
  116. Baker, H.: “A Bright Idea,” Advanced Materials and Processes, 8 (May 1989). Brou, P., et al.: “The Color of Things,” Sci. Amer., 84 (September 1986).Google Scholar
  117. Buckwald, J. D.: “The Rise of the Wave Theory of Light,” Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, 1989.Google Scholar
  118. Cherfas, J, J.: “Skeptics and Visionaries Examine Energy Savings (Fluorescent Bulbs),” Science, 154 (January 11, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  119. Corcoran, E.: “Body Heat: QWIPs Offer a New Way to See in the Dark,” Sci. Amer., 123 (October 1991).Google Scholar
  120. Greenberg, D. P.: “Light Reflection Models for Computer Graphics,” Science, 166 (April 14, 1989 ).Google Scholar
  121. Hamilton, D. P.: “Efficient Bulb Sees (Most of) The Light,” Science, 1084 (November 22, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  122. Hurlburt, A. C., and T. A. Poggio: “Synthesizing a Color Algorithm from Examples,” Science, 482 (January 29, 1988 ).Google Scholar
  123. Kaufman, J. E., Editor: “IES Lighting Handbook,” (Application Volume Chapter 2), Illuminating Engineering Society, New York (frequently updated).Google Scholar
  124. Kubel, E. J., Jr.: “Surface Treatment with a High-Intensity Arc Lamp,” AdvancedMaterials and Processes, 37 (September 1990).Google Scholar
  125. Lieberman, K. et al.: “A Light Source Smaller Than the Optical Wavelength,” Science, 59 (January 5, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  126. Mauldin, J. H.: “Light, Lasers, and Optics,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988. Peterson, I.: “Putting a Far Finer Point on Visible Light,” Science News, 7 (January 6, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  127. Peterson, I, I.: “Bubble Light in the Blink of an Eye,” Science News, 292 (May 11, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  128. Roberts, G. G. G.: “The Bridge of Technology (Light Sources),” Review (The Univ. ofWales), 57, (Spring 1989 ).Google Scholar
  129. Ross, P. E.: “A Million Watts of Light: World’s Most Powerful Light,” Sci. Amer., 138 (November 1990).Google Scholar
  130. Schivelbusch, W: “Disenchanted Night-The Industrialization of Light in the Nineteenth Century,” Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, California, 1988.Google Scholar
  131. Staff: “Lighting and Human Performance: A Review,” Lighting Equipment Division, National Electrical Manufacturers’ Association, Lighting Research Institute, Washington, D.C., 1987.Google Scholar
  132. Staff: “Studies Show Lighting Affects Productivity,” Electrical World (June 15, 1975 ).Google Scholar
  133. Staff: “Lighting The Office,” The Office (September 1976).Google Scholar
  134. Staff: “Luminaires Light Spanish High-Rise,” In-Tech, 12 (December 1989).Google Scholar
  135. Walker, J.: “The Colors Seen in the Sky Offer Lessons in Optical Scattering,” Sci. Amer, 102 (January 1989).Google Scholar
  136. Williams, D, D.: “Let There Be Lights!” Case Alumnus, 2 (Spring/Summer 1992 ).Google Scholar
  137. Angell, M.: “A Dual Approach to the AIDS Epidemic,” N. Eng. J Med., 1498 (May 23, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  138. Batter, M, M.: “East Europe: A Chance to Stop HIV,” Science, 1964 (December 24, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  139. Bayer, R.: “Public Health Policy and the AIDS Epidemic,” N. Eng. J Med., 1500 (May 23, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  140. Cohen, J.: “T Cell Shift: Key to AIDS Therapy?” Science, 175 (October 8, 1993). Cohen, J.: “Aids Vaccine Research,” Science, 1820 (December 17, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  141. Diamond, J.: “The Mysterious Origin of AIDS,” Natural History, 24 (September 1992).Google Scholar
  142. Fauci, A. S.: “Multifactorial Nature of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease: Implications for Therapy,” Science, 1011 (November 12, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  143. Greene W. C.: “AIDS and the Immune System,” Sci. Amer., 98 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  144. Janeway, C. A., Jr.: “How the Immune System Recognizes Invaders,” Sci. Amer., 772 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  145. Jenkins, M. K.: “The Role of Cell Division in the Induction of Clonal Anergy,” Immunology Today, 69 (February 1992).Google Scholar
  146. Lichtenstein, L. M.: “Allergy and the Immune System,” Sci. Amer., 116 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  147. Marx, J, J.: “Cell Communication Failure Leads to Immune Disorder,” Science, 896 (February 12, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  148. Marrack, E, and J. W. Kappler: “How the Immune System Recognizes the Body,” Sci. Amer., 80 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  149. Mitchison, A.: “Will We Survive?” Sci. Amer., 136 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  150. Nossal, G. J. V: “Life, Death and the Immune System,” Sci. Amer., 52 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  151. Paul, W. E.: “Infectious Diseases and the Immune System,” Sci. Amer., 90 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  152. Rogers, D. E., and J. E. Osborn: “Another Approach to the Aids Epidemic,” N. Eng. J. Med., 806 (Sept. 12, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  153. Roitt, I. M.: “Essential Immunology,” 7th Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, New York, 1991.Google Scholar
  154. Schwartz, R. H.: “A Cell Culture Model for T Lymphocyte Clonal Anergy,” Science, 1349 (June 15, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  155. Schwartz, R. H.: “Costimulation of T Lymphocytes: The Role of CD28, CTLA-4, and B7/BBi in Interleukin-2 Production and Immunotherapy,” Cell, 1065 (December 24, 1992 ).Google Scholar
  156. Schwartz, R. H.: “Immunologic Tolerance,” in Fundamental Immunology, 3rd Edit., Raven Press, New York, 1993.Google Scholar
  157. Schwartz, R. H.: “T Cell Anergy,” Sci. Amer., 62 (August 1993).Google Scholar
  158. Steinman, L.: “Autoimmune Disease,” Sci. Amer., 106 (September 1993). Toufu, Z., et al: “Genotypic and Phenotypic Characterization of HIV-1 in Patients with Primary Infection,” Science, 1179 (August 27, 1993 ).Google Scholar
  159. Weissman, I. L., and M. D. Cooper: “How the Immune System Develops,” Sci. Amer., 64 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  160. Wigzell, H.: “The Immune System as a Therapeutic Agent,” Sci. Amer., 126 (September 1993).Google Scholar
  161. Klimiuk, P. S., et al.: “Autonomic Neuropathy in System Sclerosis,” Ann. Rheum. Dis., 47, 542 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Krane, R. J., Goldstein, I., and I. Saenz de Tejada: “Impotence,” N. Eng. J. Med., 1648 (December 14, 1989 ).Google Scholar
  163. Palmer, R. M. J., Ashton, D. S., and S. Moncada: “Vascular Endothelial CellsGoogle Scholar
  164. Synthesize Nitric Oxide from 1-arginine,“ Nature 333, 664 (1988).Google Scholar
  165. Rajfer, J., et al.: “Nitric Oxide as a Mediator of Relaxation of the Corpus Caver- nosum in Response to Nonadrenergic, Noncholinergic Neurotransmission,” New Eng. Med., 90 (January 9, 1992 ).Google Scholar
  166. Shabsigh, R., Fishman, I. J., and F. B. Scott, I. J., and F. B. Scott: “Evaluation of Erectile Impotence,” Urology, 32, 83 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Barton, J H.: “Patenting Life,” Sci. Amer. 40 (March 1991).Google Scholar
  168. Fitzpatrick, S. W., Ma’ayan, A.and J. F. Waggett: “Implement Good Manufacturing Practices for the Production of Biopharmaceuticals,” Chem. Eng. Progress, 26 (December 1990).Google Scholar
  169. Foster, E. M.: “A Half Century of Microbiology,” Food Technology, 208 (September 1989).Google Scholar
  170. Garg, S. and D. P. Garg: “Genetic Engineering and Pollution Control,” Chem. Eng. Progress, 46 (May 1990).Google Scholar
  171. Gorner, P. and R. Kotulak: “Gene Splicers Putting New Food on the Table,” Food Technology, 46 (August 1991).Google Scholar
  172. Harlander, S.: “Introduction to Biotechnology,” Food Technology, 44 (July 1989).Google Scholar
  173. Harlander, S.: “Food Biotechnology,” Food Technology, 196 (September 1989).Google Scholar
  174. Harlander, S.: “Social, Moral, and Ethical Issues in Food Biotechnology,” Food Technology, 152 (May 1991).Google Scholar
  175. Kiely, T.: “Is Biotech Safe for the Big Time?” Technology Review (MIT), 24 (October 1991).Google Scholar
  176. Korwek, E. L.: “Food Biotechnology Regulation: Overview of Selected Issues,” Food Technology, 76 (March 1990).Google Scholar
  177. Levin, M. A. and H. S. Strauss, Eds.: “Risk Assessment in Genetic Engineering,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1991.Google Scholar
  178. Ludwig, S. R. et al: “A Regulatory Gene as a Novel Visible Marker for Maize Transformation,” Science, 449 (January 26, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  179. Marmelstein, N. H.: “Continuous Fermentor Produces Natural Flavor Enhancers for Foods and Pet Foods,” Food Technology, 50 (July 1989).Google Scholar
  180. Slater, J. H. H.: “Microbes in the Natural Environment: Biotechnology for the Biosphere,” Review (Univ. of Wales), 11 (Spring 1989 ).Google Scholar
  181. Wasserman, B. P.: “Expectation and Role of Biotechnology in Improving Fruit and Vegetable Quality,” Food Technology, 68 (February 1990).Google Scholar
  182. Caldwell, J. C., and P. Caldwell: “High Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Sci. Amer., 118 (May 1990).Google Scholar
  183. Coale, A. J. et al.: “Recent Trends in Fertility and Nuptiality in China,” Science, 389 (January 25, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  184. Djerassi, C, C.: “Fertility Awareness: Jet-Age Rhythm Method,” Science, 1061 (June 1, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  185. Fornos, W, W.: “Population Politics,” Technology Review (MIT), 43 (February/March 1991 ).Google Scholar
  186. Frisch, R. E.: “Fatness and Fertility,” Sci. Amer., 89 (March 1988).Google Scholar
  187. Torrey, B. B., and W. W. Kingkade: “Population Dynamics of the United States and the Soviet Union,” Science, 1548 (March 30, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  188. Chance, J. F.: “Treatment of Influenza,” N. Eng. J. Med., 1753 (June 14, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  189. Douglas, R. G., Jr.: “Prophylaxis and Treatment of Influenza,” N. Eng. J. Med., 443 (February 15, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  190. Kilbourne, E. D. D.: “Influenza,” Plenum, New York, 1987.Google Scholar
  191. Oehen. S., Hengartner, H., and R. M. Zinkernagel: “Vaccination for Disease,” Science, 195 (January 11, 1991 ).Google Scholar
  192. Cowen, R.: “Lifting a Dusty Veil to Clear IRAS’ View,” Sci. News, 182 (September 22, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  193. Crease, R. P.: “Millimeter Astronomers Push for New Telescope,” Science, 1504 (September 28, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  194. Encrenaz, T. H., and M. F. Kessler, Editors: “Infrared Astronomy with ISO,” Nova, Commack, New York, 1992.Google Scholar
  195. Gatley, I., DePoy, D. L., and A. M. Fowler: “Astronomical Imaging with Infrared Array Detectors,” Science, 1264 (December 2, 1988 ).Google Scholar
  196. NOAO: “IRAF—Image Reduction and Analysis Facility,” National Optical Astronomy Observatories,“ Tucson, Arizona, 1988.Google Scholar
  197. Olson, C.: “Tiny `Eye’ Produces Unique View: Longwave Infared Sensor,” Hughes News, 1 (August 24, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  198. Waldrop, M. M.: “A Window Looking Out on Creation,” Science, 32 (October 5, 1990 ).Google Scholar
  199. Drexage, M. G., and C. T. Moynihan: “Infrared Optical Fibers,” Sci. Amer., 110 (November 1988).Google Scholar
  200. Durham, R. M.: “Infrared Process Analyzers,” in Process Instruments and Con-trols Handbook ( D. M. Considine, Editor), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993.Google Scholar
  201. Stoutland, P. O., Dyer, R. B., and W. H. Woodruff: “Ultrafast Infrared Spectros-copy,” Science, 1913 (September 25, 1992 ).Google Scholar
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas M. Considine
  • Glenn D. Considine

There are no affiliations available

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