Psychodiagnostics and Indications for Treatment in Cases of Personality Disorder

Some Pitfalls
  • J. Derksen
  • H. Sloore


In both clinical practice and scientific research, personality disorders have acquired a stable position. Clinicians diagnose personality disorders quite frequently, and researchers have been enthralled with the topic since the appearance of a separate axis for personality disorders in DSM-III (APA, 1980). In bygone years, numerous discussions have occurred on, among other things, the definition of what constitutes a personality disorder and whether the notion of a personality disorder belongs to a categorical, dimensional or prototypical classification. A number of key characteristics stand out in all of the discussions of personality disorder. Personality disorders are characterised by:
  1. a.

    their early onset;

  2. b.

    their stable and persistent character;

  3. c.

    the fact that they influence several different domains of behaviour (e.g., work, relationships, free time);

  4. d.

    their interpersonal locus, which means primary expression in an interpersonal context;

  5. e.

    a significant degree of disturbance of the personality, which means that the pathology is present to a considerable degree.



Anxiety Disorder Personality Disorder Panic Disorder Antisocial Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Derksen
  • H. Sloore

There are no affiliations available

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