Parasites Transmitted by Blood Transfusion
Transmission of parasites by blood transfusion is considered to be an important issue especially with regard to global travel and land development that can alter the habitats of disease carrying insects and animals . Different to viruses and bacteria, parasites have complicated life cycles that include different parasitic stages invading various tissues and in most cases an intermediate host is involved. Human parasitic infections are often asymptomatic or can develop into chronic diseases. This is probably one of the reasons why less attention has been given to infection with these pathogens. However, acute disease and major complication due to infection with parasites are commonly observed in immuno-compromised patients including, cancer, transplantation and HIV patients. Others that are also at risk in developing disease are less immuno-competent persons including children, elderly, undernourished and those suffering from other diseases at the time of infection.
KeywordsVisceral Leishmaniasis Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Congenital Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasma Infection Plasmodium Malariae
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