The Effect of Road Transport Telematics

  • Lena Nilsson
  • Lisbeth Harms
  • Björn Peters
Chapter

Abstract

The introduction of road transport telematics (ITS, the most commonly used abbreviation for the topic, standing for “Intelligent Transport Systems”) may turn out to be the greatest and most comprehensive transformation of road transportation since the invention of the combustion engine. General objectives of ITS are to increase transport efficiency, to improve traffic safety and to reduce traffic related pollution (Franzén, 1993; Perrett and Stevens, 1996). The way ITS will influence future traffic, and how it will affect driving behavior is only to a certain extent predictable from current knowledge, therefore much research has been devoted to this topic during last decade. Obviously, the addition of advanced technology to the traditional driver-vehicle-environment interaction will increase the complexity of the road traffic system (Rumar, 1990a). Presumably also the task of driving will gradually change as the implementation of ITS functions proceeds. One possible development is that electronic communication between infrastructure components and vehicle components will replace several current driver functions, for example, detection of relevant traffic and roadside information and speed choice recommendations. Also certain parts of the vehicle-to-vehicle interaction, for example, distance keeping, may change from being performed manually to being performed by more or less automatic ITS.

Keywords

Traffic Safety Adaptive Cruise Control Intelligent Transport System Traffic Simulation Route Guidance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lena Nilsson
    • 1
  • Lisbeth Harms
    • 1
  • Björn Peters
    • 1
  1. 1.Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)Sweden

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