Metals in Seawater as Recorded by Mussels

  • Edward D. Goldberg
  • John H. Martin
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 9)


Metal concentrations in the soft tissues of bivalves from U.S. coastal waters reveal seawater distributional patterns which repeat themselves year after year. Such a situation may arise from long biological half-lives of the metal or uniform concentrations in the waters over the time period studied or a combination of the two. Not only are anthropogenic inputs of the metals revealed by bivalve metal concentrations but also the occurence of upwelling which brings into surface waters high metal concentrations. Both U-234/U-238 and Am-241/Pu-239+240 ratios have characteristic values for the dissolved and particulate states in seawaters. The values in bivalves can indicate which states are important in biological uptake.


West Coast Byssal Thread Lead Isotopic Ratio Mussel Watch Seawater Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Griffin, J.J., M. Koide, V. Hodge and E.D. Goldberg, 1980: Estimating the ages of mussels by chemical and physical methods. In “Isotope Marine Chemistry”, edited by E.D. Goldberg, M. Horibe and M. Saruhashi. Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, 193 - 209.Google Scholar
  2. Miramand, P., J.C. Guary and S.W. Fowler, 1980: Vanadium transfer in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. Marine Biology 56, 281-293.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    NAS, 1980: The International Mussel Watch. U.S. National Academy of Sciences, xvi + 248 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Goldberg, E.D., V.T., Bowen, J.W. Farrington, G. Harvey, J.H. Martin, P.L. Parker, R.W. Risebrough, W. Robertson, E. Schneider and E. Gamble, 1978: The Mussel Watch, Environ. Conserv. 5, 101-125.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Patterson, D., D. Settle, B. Schaule and M. Burnett, 1976: Transport of pollutant lead to the oceans and within ocean ecosystems. In: “Marine Pollutant Transfer”, edited by H.L. Windom and R.H. Duce, Lexington Books, 23 - 38.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Elias, R., Y. Hirao and C. Patterson, 1975: Impact of the present levels of aerosol Pb concentrations on both natural ecosystems and humans. International conference on heavy metals in the environment. Toronto, October 27-31, 1975, 257 - 272.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chow, T.J., H.G. Snyder and C.B. Snyder, 1978: Mussels (Mutilus sp.) as an indicator of lead pollution. Science of the Total Environment 6, 55 - 63.Google Scholar
  8. Bruland, K.W., G.A. Knauer and J.H. Martin, 1978: Cadmium in northeast Pacific waters. Limnol. Oceanogr. 23, 618-625.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Knauer, G.A. and J.H. Martin, 1981: Phosphorous-cadmium cycling in northeast Pacific waters. J. Mar. Res., 39, 65-76.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Noshkin, V.E., K.M. Wong, T.A. Jokela, R.J. Eagle and J.L. Brunk, 1978: Radionuclides in the marine environment near the Farallon Islands. UCRL-52381. Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, California.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stephenson, M.D., M. Martin, S.E. Lange, A.R. Flegal, and J.H. Martin, 1979: California Mussel Watch 1977-1978, v. II. Trace metal concentrations in the CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  12. mussel, Mytilus californianus. State Water Resources Control Board Water Quality Monitoring Report No. 79-22, Sacramento, 110 pp.Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    Hodge, V.F., M. Koide and E.D. Goldberg, 1979: Particulate uranium, plutonium and polonium in the biogeochemistries of the coastal zone. Nature, 277, 206 - 209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 13.
    Younge, C.M., 1935: On some aspects of digestion in ciliary feeding animals. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K., 20, 341-346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 14.
    Koide, M., P.W. Williams and E.D. Goldberg, 1981: Am-241/ Pu239+240 ratios in the marine environment. Marine Environmental Research, 5, 241 - 246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward D. Goldberg
    • 1
  • John H. Martin
    • 2
  1. 1.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.Moss Landing Marine LaboratoryMoss LandingUSA

Personalised recommendations