On Experimental Instructions and the Inducement of Time Pressure Behavior

  • Ola Svenson
  • Lehman BensonIII


Deadlines seem to have different effects on human activities. For example, when located far in the distant future, they may slow down a decision or a problem-solving process because there is so much time available. When the deadline for the completion of a task is closer, it may speed up and make the solution process more efficient. However, when still closer, deadlines may alter decision or problem-solving processes resulting on some occasions in inferior outcomes; on other occasions improvements result as compared with situations when more time is available (cf. the review by Edland and Svenson, this volume; Payne et al., 1992).


Decision Problem Time Pressure Coping Behavior Subjective Appraisal Energetic Resource 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Payne, J. W., Bettman, J. R., Johnson, E. J., & Coupey, E. (1992). A constructive process view of decision making: Multiple strategies in judgment and choice. Acta Psychologica, 80, 107–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Svenson, O. (1979). Process descriptions of decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 23, 86–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Svenson, O., & Edland, A. (1989). Changes of preferences under time pressure: Choice and judgments. In H. Montgomery & O. Svenson (Eds.), Process and structure in human decision making (pp. 225–236 ). Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Svenson, O., Edland, A., & Slovic, P. (1990). Choices and judgments of incompletely described decision alternatives under time pressure. Acta Psychologica, 75, 153–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ola Svenson
    • 1
  • Lehman BensonIII
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyLund UniversityLundSweden

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