The Effects of Time Pressure on Choices and Judgments of Candidates to a University Program
An important characteristic of human decision making is that decisions in everyday life often have to be made under deadline conditions. These deadlines may engender feelings of time pressure. The purpose of the present study is to extend an earlier study by Svenson, Edland, and Slovic (1990) that examined timepressure-induced changes in strategy when choosing between alternatives that were incompletely described. Svenson et al. (1990) found that time pressure resulted in a shift toward a strategy enhancing positive information. The present experiment attempts to supplement these results by determining whether similar changes in strategy occur when alternatives are described completely.
KeywordsTime Pressure Choice Behavior Positive Information Choice Rule Base Stimulus
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Glass, G. V., and Stanley, J. C. (1970). Statistical methods in education and psychology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.Google Scholar
- Maule, J., and Mackie, P. (1990). A componential investigation of the effects of deadlines on individual decision making. In K. Borchering, O. I. Larichev, and D. M. Messick (Eds.), Contemporary issues in decision making (pp. 449–461 ). Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
- Payne, J. W., Bettman, J. R and Johnson, E. J. (1988). Adaptive strategy selection in decision making. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 14,(3),534–552.Google Scholar
- Russo, J. W., and Dosher, B. A. (1983). Strategies for multiattribute binary choice. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 9, 676–696.Google Scholar
- Svenson, O. (1979). Process description of decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 23, 86–112.Google Scholar
- Svenson, O., Edland, A., and Karlsson, G. (1985). The effect of numerical and verbal information and time stress on judgments of the attractiveness of decision alternatives. In L. B. Methlie and R. Sprague (Eds.), Knowledge representation for decision support systems (pp. 133–144 ). Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
- Wallsten, T. S., and Barton, C. N. (1982). Processing probabilistic multidimensional information for decisions. Journal of Experimental Psychology; Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 8, 36 1384.Google Scholar