Thermoelectricity in Liquid Metals: A Review of Experimental Methods

  • J. B. Van Zytveld


This paper reviews various methods that have been used to date to measure the thermopowers of liquid metals, commenting on the relative advantages and disadvantages of each. Those experimental factors which are rather unique to liquid metal systems are highlighted. The methods presented span the range of temperatures from room temperature to about 1500°C.


Liquid Metal Liquid Sample Large Temperature Difference Alumel Thermocouple Thomson Effect 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. B. Van Zytveld
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentCalvin CollegeGrand RapidsUSA

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