Microalbuminuria and Cardiovascular Disease

  • S. M. Thomas
  • G. C. Viberti


Classical risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, such as cholesterol, blood pressure and smoking operate both in diabetic and non -diabetic subjects. However the absolute risk of cardiovascular death for men with diabetes, principally Type 2 diabetes, is up to three times higher and is progressively greater with each additional risk factor than in non-diabetic men [81]. Similarly the CVD mortality in a cohort of subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus rises significantly in both men and women after the age of 30 reaching a two-fold excess, compared with non — diabetic subjects from the Framingham study [46].


Coronary Heart Disease Diabetic Nephropathy Essential Hypertension Diabetic Subject Autonomic Neuropathy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Thomas
    • 1
  • G. C. Viberti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic MedicineGuy’s HospitalLondonUK

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