Diabetic Nephropathy and Pregnancy

  • John L. Kitzmiller
  • Andrew C. Combs


The potential problems of diabetic nephropathy and pregnancy require the anticipation of preconception care. Every practitioner who cares for adolescent and adult diabetic women has an obligation to recognize that these women may become pregnant, that most of the risks to mother and offspring are related to poor glycemic control, and that the risks may be reduced through special programs that achieve meticulous metabolic balance before conception and thoushout nreenancv.


Diabetic Nephropathy Early Pregnancy Perinatal Outcome Urinary Albumin Excretion Fetal Growth Restriction 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Kitzmiller
    • 1
  • Andrew C. Combs
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Maternal-Fetal MedicineGood Samaritan HospitalSan JoséUSA

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