Retinopathy in Relation to Albuminuria and Blood Pressure in IDDM
The microvascular complications of diabetes, retinopathy and nephropathy, are often considered as a single entity, with the implicit assumption of a close correlation between these complications, both in terms of occurrence, and in terms of putative risk factors [1–3]. It is certainly true that patients with one complication will generally demonstrate signs of the other, and that glycaemic control and duration of diabetes are clear risk factors for each of these complications [4–10]. But in contrast, current evidence indicates that while the majority of patients with IDDM will develop retinopathy (estimates vary from 70% to 100%) [11–13], only about a third of patients will develop detectable nephropathy [2,14], even when glycaemic control is poor, and the duration of diabetes is long [2,15].
KeywordsDiabetic Nephropathy Diabetic Retinopathy Glycaemic Control Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Albumin Excretion Rate
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