Definition of Diabetic Renal Disease in Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus Based on Renal Function Tests

  • Carl Erik Mogensen


Defining renal disease and renal involvement in diabetes appeared not to be an easy task, mainly because of the wide range of changes seen. The different degree of abnormalities, often with the same duration of disease, seemingly same quality of long-term metabolic control, and the same type of diabetes, may according to older literature indeed be striking [1–3]. However, with better techniques and more welldefined patients [4] much more consistency is found, as reviewed in this volume.


Diabetic Nephropathy Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Urinary Albumin Excretion Albumin Excretion Rate Albumin Creatinine Ratio 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

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  • Carl Erik Mogensen

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