General Self-Efficacy and the Discriminant Validity of the Six Compound Traits

  • John C. Mowen


A three-item measure of general self-efficacy was developed. Based upon the analysis of data collected from three studies, the construct was found to meet the four criteria for a compound trait. Meeting criteria 1 and 2, the measure was found to be unidimensional and to have acceptable internal reliability. Meeting criterion 3, a combination of elemental traits accounted for an average of 35 percent of the variance in the construct. Meeting criterion 4, the measure of self-efficacy was found to account for incremental variance in a series of traits after the effects of the elemental traits were removed statistically via hierarchical regression analysis. Additional analyses indicated that while closely related to a measure of self-esteem (mean correlation =.69), the constructs do possess discriminant validity. Finally answering a separate research question, confirmatory factor analysis was employed to assess whether the six compound traits investigated in Chapters 4 through 9 possess discriminant validity from a measurement perspective. Results of a confirmatory factor analysis strongly supported the discriminant validity of the six traits (task orientation, the need for learning, competitiveness, the need for activity, the need for play, and effectance motivation).


Partial Correlation Discriminant Validity Criterion Variable Hierarchical Regression Analysis Emotional Stability 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Mowen
    • 1
  1. 1.Oklahoma State UniversityUSA

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