The chapter presents a newly developed compound level trait designed to measure enduring dispositions to set goals and complete tasks. Closely related to achievement motivation, the four-item measure of task orientation is shown to fulfill the requirements of a compound trait. The scale has excellent internal reliability and is unidimensional. Across five studies, a combination of elemental traits accounted for an average of 46 percent of the variance in the construct. Finally, after partialing out the effects of the elemental traits, the scale was shown to account for a significant amount of variance in the traits of: competitiveness, value consciousness, sports participation, healthy diet lifestyle, and impulsiveness.
KeywordsPartial Correlation Coefficient Alpha Goal Orientation Sport Participation Achievement Motivation
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