Analgesia and Sedation

  • Jean Kwo


Sedative hypnotic and analgesic agents are widely used in critical care units. In a survey of 164 medical intensive care units (ICUs) (1), virtually all provided sedative medications to patients receiving mechanical ventilation. In 36% of these units, sedation was administered routinely to more than 70% of patients. The most frequently used agents were morphine sulfate, lorazepam, and diazepam, and the most common indications were “to improve oxygenation or to reduce peak airway pressure” and “to treat anxiety.”


Epidural Analgesia Alcohol Withdrawal Epidural Hematoma Epidural Abscess Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean Kwo
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard Medical SchoolMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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