Evaluation of Hemodynamics and Oxygen Delivery

  • David A. Kaufman


Use of the balloon-tipped, flow-directed thermodilution pulmonary-artery catheter (“Swan-Ganz catheter”) has been a mainstay of invasive monitoring of critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs) since the 1970s. Although its introduction has been widely attributed to Swan et al. in 1970 (1), Bradley first described the use of pulmonary artery catheters in 1964 (2) and with Branthwaite (3) introduced the thermodilution technique of measuring cardiac output shortly thereafter. The addition of an inflatable balloon was based on the earlier work of Lategola Rahn(4), and all of these advances were incorporated into the device eventually popularized by Swan et al.


Pulmonary Hypertension Central Venous Pressure Pulmonary Vascular Resistance Oxygen Delivery Systemic Vascular Resistance 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Kaufman
    • 1
  1. 1.Worcester Medical Center & University of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA

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