The Abdominal Compartment Syndrome
Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) occurs when elevated intraabdominal pressure (IAP) causes dysfunction in one or more organ systems. ACS is most commonly seen in trauma patients and in postoperative patients; however, it may occur in numerous other settings as well (See Table 1). Elevation of IAP may occur acutely, causing acute ACS (AACS), or chronically, causing chronic ACS. IAP may also be elevated subacutely as is proposed in preeclampsia. Regardless of the etiology or duration of onset, ACS affects a significant number of critically ill patients and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality if not treated appropriately.
KeywordsInferior Vena Caval Cerebral Perfusion Pressure Superior Vena Caval Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Intraabdominal Pressure
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