Acute Pancreatitis

  • Ronald F. Martin


Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory process that involves either the pancreatic ducts, the pancreatic parenchyma, or the surrounding peripancreatic tissue. Its clinical significance ranges from mild viral-like symptoms to life-threatening multisystem failure. The development of acute pancreatitis is linked to ethanol consumption, hereditary factors, biliary calculi, numerous comorbid medical conditions, drug reactions, and infections; acute pancreatitis can also occur as a result of numerous operations and procedures. This chapter describes the known etiologic factors and physiologic consequences and reviews the therapeutic options for patients who have developed acute pancreatitis. The main emphasis of the therapeutic portion of this discussion is on the treatment of patients who are profoundly ill and require critical care support.


Acute Pancreatitis Pancreatic Duct Severe Acute Pancreatitis Choledochal Cyst Necrotizing Pancreatitis 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald F. Martin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of VermontBurlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Maine Medical CenterPortlandUSA

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