The development of engineering in recent years has been toward using higher and higher temperatures in power plants. Here, in addition to using heat-resistant materials, intense cooling of hot assemblies must be resorted to to ensure the strength of the structures. On the other hand, in the various types of heat exchange apparatus, the cooling of a number of parts is determined simply by the way in which the apparatus works. Since there is no heat transfer unless a temperature gradient is present, the temperature may differ by a large amount at different points in the parts being cooled, sometimes by hundreds of degrees.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1964

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  • B. F. Shorr

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