Use of ESR, Mössbauer Spectroscopy, and Squid-Magnetometry for the Characterization of Magnetic Nanoparticles on the Base of Metal Iron and Its Implications in Vivo

  • Olga M. Mykhaylyk
  • Oleg N. Razumov
  • Alexandre K. Dudchenko
  • Yuri V. Pankratov
  • Eduard K. Dobrinsky
  • Vladimir N. Sosnitsky
  • Eduard A. Bakai


Spherical nanoparticles comprising metal iron prepared by condensation of metal vapor in high-pressure argon plasma, and stabilized by spontaneous adsorption of modifiers from the solutions in an inert atmosphere, contain a large amount of metal phase of up to 99% core weight. They are a promising material for in vivo applications. Methods for the synthesis of the components in the electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra, due to ferromagnetic resonance of iron nanodispersed particles, enable one to pick up line groups belonging to the ESR spectra of other iron species, and to obtain quantitative information about the nanodispersed iron distribution in organs of experimental animals. Two ESR lines, with g-factors 2.0–2.5 and 3.0–4.5 and line widths of 300–1500 Gauss in tissues, have been identified as induced by ferritin and/or hemosiderin. The method for quantifying ferritin iron in tissues, based on evidence derived from the ESR data with calibration against Mössbauer data, has been elaborated. Ferritin and/or hemosiderin molecules were found to possess magnetic susceptibility anisotropy and orient in a weak magnetic field. In the cores of ferritin and/or hemosiderin, magnetic phase transition takes place at temperatures below 125 K. Analysis of nanodispersed iron distribution and transformation upon intravenous injection into mice revealed fast biotransformation of nanoparticles with iron incorporation mainly into the ferritin core. The peculiarities in distribution and transformation of magnetic nanoparticles in the mouse tissue associated with properties of the surface coating have been found.


Electron Spin Resonance Mossbauer Spectroscopy Electron Spin Resonance Spectrum Electron Spin Resonance Signal Iron Nanoparticles 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olga M. Mykhaylyk
    • 1
  • Oleg N. Razumov
    • 1
  • Alexandre K. Dudchenko
    • 1
  • Yuri V. Pankratov
    • 1
  • Eduard K. Dobrinsky
    • 2
  • Vladimir N. Sosnitsky
    • 1
  • Eduard A. Bakai
    • 1
  1. 1.“SONAR’ Research Center for BiotechSystems Ukrainian Acad. ScienceKievUkraine
  2. 2.State Research Institute for Chemistry and Technology of Elemental Organic CompoundsSaratovRussia

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