Advertisement

Macro-Micro Modeling of Solidification of Some Commercial Alloys

  • Doru Michael Stefanescu
Chapter

Abstract

Iron-base alloys, that include steel and cast iron, are some of the oldest man made materials. However, they have enjoyed a remarkable longevity because of their wide range of mechanical and physical properties, coupled with their competitive price. Today, iron-base alloys are by far the most widely used casting material (Figure 14.1). While their development has followed the classic path of perception followed by rationalization, it was only relatively recently that these materials have been studied as mathematical systems.

Keywords

Cast Iron Growth Velocity Gray Iron Graphite Nodule Spheroidal Graphite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Argyropoulos S., B.Closset, J.E.Gruzleski and H.Oger, 1983, Trans. AFS 91:351 Argo D. and J.E. Gruzleski, 1986, Mal. Sci. Tech 10 (2): 1019Google Scholar
  2. Bandyopadhyay D.K., D.M. Stefanescu, I. Minkoff and S.K. Biswal, 1989, in: Physical Metallurgy of Cast Iron IV, G. Ohira, T. Kusakawa and E. Niyama eds., Tokyo, Mat. Res. Soc. Proc.. Pittsburgh, Pa. p.27 Banerjee D. and D.M. Stefanescu, 1991, AFS Trans. 99: 747Google Scholar
  3. Boeri R. and F. Weinberg, 1989, AFS Trans. 89: 179Google Scholar
  4. Boettinger W.J., U.R. Kattner, S.R. Coriell, Y.A. Chang, and B. Mueller, 1995, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes-VII, M. Cross and J. Campbell, eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa., p. 649Google Scholar
  5. Campbell P. C., E. B. Hawbolt, and J. K. Brimacombe, 1991, Metall. Trans 22A: 2791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Catalina A.V. and D.M. Stefanescu, 1996, Metall. Trans 27A: 4205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Catalina A., X. Guo, D. M. Stefanescu, L. Chuzhoy, M. A. Pershing, and G. L. Biltgen, 1998, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes VIII, B. G. Thomas and C. Beckerman eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa. p. 455Google Scholar
  8. Chang S., D. Shangguan and D. M. Stefanescu, 1992, Metall. Trans 23A: 1333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Charbonier J., 1984, Trans. AFS 92: 907Google Scholar
  10. Cho S., H.F. Shen, and C.P. Hong, 1996, in: Proceedings of the 3rd Pacific Rim Int. Conf on Modeling of Casting and Solidification Processes, B.C. Liu and T. Jing, eds., p. 19Google Scholar
  11. Chuang Y.K., D. Reininsch and K. Schwerdfeger, 1975, Metall. Trans 6A: 235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Crossley P.B. and L.F. Mondolfo, 1966, Modern Casting 49: 53Google Scholar
  13. Degand C., D.M. Stefanescu and G. Laslaz, 1996, in: Solidification Science and Processing,I. Ohnaka and D.M. Stefanescu eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa. p:55.Google Scholar
  14. Desbiolles J.L., C.A. Gandin, J.F. Joyeux, M. Rappaz, and P. Thévoz, 1998, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes VIII,B. G. Thomas and C. Beckerman, eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa. p:433Google Scholar
  15. Double D.D. and A. Hellawell, 1995, Acta metall. mater 43 (6): 2435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dresselhaus M. S., G. Dresselhaus, K. Surihara, I. L. Spain and H. A. Goldberg, 1988, in: Graphite Fibers and Filaments, Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  17. Elliott R., 1983, Eutectic Solidification Processing, Butterworth, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Elliott R., 1988, Cast Iron Technology, Butterworth, LondonGoogle Scholar
  19. Fisher D.J. and W. Kurz, 1980, Acta Met. 28: 777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fras E. and H. F. Lopez, 1993, Trans. AFS 101: 355Google Scholar
  21. Fras E., W. Kapturkiewicz and and H. F. Lopez, 1993, int..1. Cast Metals Res 6:91Google Scholar
  22. Fras E., W. Kapturkiewicz and A. A. Burbielko, 1993a, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes-VI, T. S. Piwonka, V. Voller and L. Katgerman editors, TMS, Warrendale Pa. p. 261Google Scholar
  23. Fredriksson H., 1992, in: ASM Handbook Vol. 15 Casting, D.M. Stefanescu ed., ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio p. 125Google Scholar
  24. Fredriksson H. and J. Stjerndahl, 1982, Met. Sci 16: 575Google Scholar
  25. Fredriksson H., J.T. Thorgrimsson and I.L. Svensson, 1986, in: State of the Art of Computer Simulation of Casting and Solidification Processes, Les Edition de Physique, Les Ulis, France p. 267Google Scholar
  26. Gerval V. and J. Lacaze, 1997, in: Solidification Processing 1997, J. Beech and H. Jones eds., Dept. of Engineering Materials, Univ. of Sheffield, UK p. 506Google Scholar
  27. Goettsch D. D. and J.A. Dantzig, 1994, Metall. and Mat. Trans 25A: 1063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Granger D. and R. Elliott, 1988, in: Metals Handbook Ninth Edition, Vol.15, Casting, D.M. Stefanescu ed., ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio p. 159Google Scholar
  29. Hammond G. S. et al,1992, in: The Fullerenes: Synthesis, Properties and Chemistry,G. S. Hammond and V. J. Kuck eds., American Chemical Soc.Google Scholar
  30. Hellawell A., 1973, Progr. Mater. Sci 15: 1Google Scholar
  31. Herfurth K., 1965, Freiberg Forschungs 105: 267Google Scholar
  32. Howe A. A., 1987, Applied Scientific Research 44: 51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jacobi H. and K. Schwerdtfeger, 1976, Metall. Trans 7A: 811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Jacot A., D. Maijer, and S. Cockroft, 2000, Metall. and Mat. Trans 31A: 1201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jaszaczak, J.A., 1994, in: Mesomolecules: Molecules to Materials, D. Mendenhall, J. Liebman and A. Greenberg eds., Chapman and Hall p. 161Google Scholar
  36. Johnson W. C. and H. B. Smartt, 1979, in: Solidification and Casting of Metals, The Metal Society, Book No. 192 p. 129Google Scholar
  37. Jones H. and W. Kurz, 1980, Metall. Trans 11A: 1265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Karma, A. and W-J. Rappel, 1998, Physical Revue E 57 (4): 4323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kurz W. and D.T. Fisher, 1981, Acta Metall. 29: 11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Liu Q. and Q. Liu, 1993, AFS Transactions 101: 101Google Scholar
  41. Lacaze J., M. Castro, C. Selig and G. Lesoult, 1991, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes - V, M. Rappaz et al. eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa. p. 473Google Scholar
  42. Lakeland K.D., 1964, BCIRA J. 12: 634Google Scholar
  43. Leube B., L. Amberg, and R. Mai, 1998, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes VIII, B.G. Thomas and C. Beckerman, eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa. p. 463.Google Scholar
  44. Magnin P. and W. Kurz, 1985, in: The Physical Metallurgy of Cast Iron, H. Fredriksson and M. Hillert, eds., North Holland, New York p. 263Google Scholar
  45. Magnin P. and R. Trivedi, 1991, Acta metall. mater 39 (4): 453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Mampey F., 1988, in: 55 th International Foundry Congress, CIATF, Moscow paper 2Google Scholar
  47. Mampey F., 2001, in: Proceedings of Cast Iron Division, AFS 105`h Casting Congress, American Foundry Soc., Des Plaines IL p. 51Google Scholar
  48. Minkoff I., 1983, The Physical Metallurgy of Cast Iron,John Wiley and SonsGoogle Scholar
  49. Nakae H., T. Katsuyama, and N. Hashihara, 1996, in: 62nd World Foundry Congress, CIATF, Philadelphia, USAGoogle Scholar
  50. Nastac L. and D. M. Stefanescu, 1993, Trans. AFS 101: 933Google Scholar
  51. Nastac L. and D.M. Stefanescu, 1995, Trans. AFS 103: 329Google Scholar
  52. Nastac L. and D.M. Stefanescu, 1996, Metall. Trans 27A:4061 and 4075Google Scholar
  53. Nieswaag H. and A.J. Zuithoff, 1975, in: The Metallurgy of Cast Iron, B. Lux, I. Minkoff and F. Mollard, Eds., Georgi Publishing, Switzerland p. 327Google Scholar
  54. Oldfield W., 1966, ASM Trans. 59: 945Google Scholar
  55. Rickert A. and S. Engler; 1985, in: The Physical Metallurgy of Cast Iron, H. Fredriksson and M. Hillert, Ed., Proceedings of the Materials Research Society, North Holland 34: 165Google Scholar
  56. Rivera, G. Boeri, and R. Sikora, J., 1997, Advanced Materials Research 4–5: 169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Ruxanda R., L. Beltran-Sanchez, J. Masson, and D.M. Stefanescu, 2001, in: Proceedings of Cast Iron Division, AFS 105`h Casting Congress, American Foundry Soc., Des Plaines IL p. 37Google Scholar
  58. Sadocha J.P. and J.E. Gruzleski, 1975, in The Metallurgy of Cast Iron, B. Lux, I. Minkoff and F. Mollard, Eds., Georgi Publishing, Switzerland p. 443Google Scholar
  59. Schneider M.C. and C. Beckermann, 1995, ISIJ International 35 (6): 665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Sigworth G.K., 1983, Trans. AFS 91: 7Google Scholar
  61. Skaland T., F. Grong and T. Grong, 1993, Metall. Trans. 24A:2321 and 2347Google Scholar
  62. Stefanescu D. M., 1995, ISIJ International 35: 637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Stefanescu D.M. and C.S. Kanetkar, 1985, in: Computer Simulation of Microstructural Evolution, D.J. Srolovitz ed., The Metallurgical Soc., Warrendale, Pa. p. 171Google Scholar
  64. Stefanescu D.M. and C.S. Kanetkar, 1986, in: State of the Art of Computer Simulation of Casting and Solidification Processes, H. Fredriksson ed., Les Edition de Physique, Les Ulis, France p.255 Stefanescu D. M, P.A. Curreri and M.R. Fiske, 1986, Metall. Trans 17A: 1121Google Scholar
  65. Stefanescu D.M, 1992, in: ASM Handbook Vol. 15 Casting, D.M. Stefanescu ed., ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio p. 168Google Scholar
  66. Su K. C., I. Ohnaka, I. Yamauchi and T. Fukusako, 1985, in: The Physical Metallurgy of Cast Iron, H. Fredriksson and M. Hillert eds., Mater. Res. Soc. Proc., Pittsburgh, PA 34: 181Google Scholar
  67. Svensson I.L., M. Wessen and A. Gonzalez, 1993, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes-VI,T.S. Piwonka, V.Voller and L. Katgerman eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa. p:29Google Scholar
  68. Svensson I.L. and M. Wessen, 1998, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes VIII, B. G. Thomas and C. Beckermann eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa. p. 443Google Scholar
  69. Tian H. and D.M. Stefanescu, 1992, Metall. Trans 23A: 681Google Scholar
  70. Tian H. and D.M. Stefanescu, 1993, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes-VI,T. S. Piwonka, V. Voller and L. Katgerman editors, TMS, Warrendale Pa. p.639 Tiller W.A., 1969, in: Solidification,American Society for Metals p.84Google Scholar
  71. Upadhya G.K., K.O. Yu, M.A. Layton, and A.J. Paul, 1995, in: Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes-VII,M. Cross and J. Campbell, eds., TMS, Warrendale Pa. p:517Google Scholar
  72. Venugopalan D., 1990, Met. Trans 21A: 913Google Scholar
  73. Zhu P., R. Sha, and Y. Li, 1985, in: The Physical Metallurgy of Cast Iron, H. Fredriksson and M. Hillert eds., Proceedings of the Materials Research Society, North Holland, 34 p. 3Google Scholar
  74. Zou J. and M. Rappaz, 1991, in: Materials Processing in the Computer Age, V. R. Voller et al. eds., The Minerals, Metals and Materials Soc., Warrendale Pa. p. 335Google Scholar
  75. Zou J. and A.A. Tseng, 1992, Metall. Trans 23A: 457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Wessen M. and I. Svensson, 1996, Met. Trans 27A: 2209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Wetterfall S. E., H. Fredriksson and M. Hillert, 1972, J Iron and Steel Inst p.323Google Scholar
  78. Wintz M., M. Bobadilla, J. Lehmann and H. Gaye, 1995, ISIJ International 35 (6): 715CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Doru Michael Stefanescu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

Personalised recommendations