Atomic Scale Phenomena: Nucleation and Growth

  • Doru Michael Stefanescu


Solidification is the result of the formation of stable clusters of solid in the liquid (nucleation), followed by their growth. These are phenomena occurring at the atomic scale (nano meter) level. The present understanding of the beginning of formation of solid crystals from their liquid is based on the classical theory of homogeneous nucleation. This theory uses macroscopic concepts and classic thermodynamics to describe the appearance of the first microscopic crystals in the melt.


Free Energy Interface Energy Nucleation Rate Heterogeneous Nucleation Screw Dislocation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Doru Michael Stefanescu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

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