Dye Application, Manufacture of Dye Intermediates and Dyes

  • R. I. Steiner
  • J. D. Miskie


Sir Isaac Newton’s discovery that white light that is passed through a prism separates into a spectrum of colors proved that light is the source of all color. Light is comprised, in part, of various wavelengths of radiant energy. The human eye, with its marvelous physiology of cones, interprets the wavelengths from 400 to 700 nanometers (a nanometer being 1 × 10−9 meter), transforming this input into the realization of color. Thus within this narrow portion of the total radiant energy of light lie all the colors that are perceived. The shorter wavelengths of light give violet and blue, the midrange gives greens and yellows, and the longer waves give orange and red. Manipulation of the wavelengths then is the reason for a given hue or shade that identifies a “red rose” or a “blue bird.” The absorbance and reflectance of portions of the light wavelengths by an object create in the viewer’s mind the distinct and unique color of that object.


Wool Fiber Sulfonic Acid Group Phthalic Anhydride Acrylic Fiber Direct Yellow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. I. Steiner
    • 1
  • J. D. Miskie
    • 2
  1. 1.Research & DevelopmentCrompton & Knowles CorporationUSA
  2. 2.New Product DevelopmentCrompton & Knowles CorporationUSA

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