BJW and Self-Efficacy in Coping with Observed Victimization

Results From a Study About Unemployment
  • Changiz Mohiyeddini
  • Leo Montada
Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)


With the theory of “Belief in a Just World” (BJW), Lerner (1970, 1980) has given an explanation as to why people blame innocent victims for self-infliction of their fate and why they derogate innocent victims. They do so to deny injustices, respectively, to defend their belief in a just world. BJW in its most general form implies the conviction that everybody gets what he or she justly deserves. The other side of the coin is that everybody deserves what happens to him or her. When oneself or others enjoy advantages or suffer disadvantages, we care about justice. BJW motivates the search for legitimate reasons. Deservingness is the most legitimate reason for many people.


Unemployed People Mock Juror Legitimate Reason Innocent Victim World Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Dalbert, C., Montada, L. and Schmitt, M. (1987). Glaube an eine gerechte Welt als Motiv: Validierungskorrelate zweier Skalen. Psychologische Beiträge, 29, 596–615.Google Scholar
  2. Gruman, J.C. and Sloan, R.P. (1983).. Disease as justice: perceptions of victims of physical illness. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 4, 39–46.Google Scholar
  3. Kerr, K.L. and Kurtz, S.T. (1977). Effects of a victim’s suffering and respectability on mock juror judgements: Further evidence on the just world theory. Representative Research in Social Psychology, 8, 42–56.Google Scholar
  4. Lerner, M.J. (1970). The desire for justice and reactions to victims. In J. Macaulay and L. Berkowitz (Eds.), Altruism and helping behavior (pp. 205–228 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  5. Lerner, M.J. (1980). The Belief in a Just World: A fundamental delusion. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  6. Lerner, M.J. and Miller, D.T. (1978). Just world research and the attribution process: Looking back and ahead. Psychological Bulletin, 85, 1030–1050.Google Scholar
  7. Montada, L. and Mohiyeddini, C. (1995). Arbeitslosigkeit und Gerechtigkeit. (Berichte aus der Arbeitsgruppe “Verantwortung, Gerechtigkeit, Moral” Nr. 87 ). Trier: Universität Trier, FbI-Psychologie.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changiz Mohiyeddini
    • 1
  • Leo Montada
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychologisches InstitutUniversität Mainz (FB 12)MainzGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversität TrierTrierGermany

Personalised recommendations