Rehabilitation pp 229-246 | Cite as

Assessment and Planning for Memory Retraining

  • Sue R. Beers
  • Gerald Goldstein
Chapter
Part of the Human Brain Function book series (HBFA)

Abstract

Impairment of memory is a ubiquitous symptom of neurobehavioral disorders, appearing most prominently in the amnesic disorders, but also in the dementias associated with head trauma and the degenerative diseases of the elderly. Over the past few years, designing, applying, and, to a lesser extent, evaluating various memory rehabilitation methods have become a growth industry. Memory disorders associated with different types of brain damage vary both qualitatively and quantitatively; therefore, rehabilitation strategies are frequently developed to address the memory deficits that are characteristics of a particular disorder. From a conceptual standpoint, the rehabilitation of memory might be compared to the rehabilitation of aphasia, a diverse condition requiring various rehabilitation techniques that consider both type and severity of language disruption. That is, an effective technique for one form of aphasia is unlikely to be appropriate for other forms.

Keywords

Assistive Device Memory Problem Cognitive Rehabilitation Amnesic Patient Memory Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aitken, S., Chase, S., McCue, M., and Ratcliff, G. (1993). An American adaptation of the Multiple Errands Test: Assessment of executive abilities in everyday life [Abstract]. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 8, 212.Google Scholar
  2. Anastasi, A. (1982). Psychological testing ( 5th ed. ). New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  3. Baddeley, A. D., Wilson, B. A., and Watts, F. N. (Eds.). (1995). Handbook of memory disorders. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Beers, S. R., and Goldstein, G. (1995). Computer-assisted rehabilitation of memory in patients with closed head injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 4, 327.Google Scholar
  5. Brooks, D., and Baddeley, A. (1976). What can amnesic patients learn? Neuropsychologia, 14, 11–22. Butters, N., and Cermak, L., (Eds.). (1980). Alcoholic Korsakoff’s syndrome. New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  6. Butters, N. (1984). The clinical aspects of memory disorders: Contributions from experimental studies of amnesia and dementia. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 6, 17–36.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cermak, L. S. (1994). Processing deficits of amnesic patients: Nearly full cycle? In L. S. Cermak (Ed.), Neuropsychological explorations of memory and cognition: Essays in honor of Nelson Butters (pp. 31–43 ). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  8. Chelune, G. J., Heaton, R. K., and Lehman, R. A. (1986). Neuropsychological and personality correlates of patients’ complaints of disability. In G. Goldstein and R. E. Tarter (Eds.), Advances in clinical neuropsychology (Vol. 3, pp. 95–126 ). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  9. Crovitz, H. (1979). Memory retraining in brain-damaged patients: The airplane list. Cortex, 15, 131–134. Crovitz, H., Harvey, M., and Horn, R. (1979).’Problems in the acquisition of imagery mnemonics: Three brain damaged cases. Cortex, 15, 225–234.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. DeRenzi, E., and Vignolo, L. A. (1962). The Token Test: A sensitive test to detect receptive disturbances in aphasics. Brain, 85, 665–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Franzen, M. D. (1989). Reliability and validity in neuropsychological assessment. New York: Plenum. Franzen, M. D., and Haut, M. W. (1991). The psychological treatment of memory impairment: A review of empirical studies. Neuropsychology Review, 2, 29–63.Google Scholar
  12. Gasparrini, B., and Satz, P. (1979). A treatment for memory problems in left-hemisphere CVA patients. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 1, 137–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gianutsos, R. (1992). The computer in cognitive rehabilitation: It’s not just a tool anymore. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 7 (3), 26–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gianutsos, R., and Gianutsos, J. (1979). Rehabilitating the verbal recall of brain-injured patients by mnemonic training: An experimental demonstration using single-case methodology. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 1, 117–135.Google Scholar
  15. Glisky, E. L. (1992). Acquisition and transfer of declarative and procedural knowledge by memory-impaired patients: A computer data-entry task. Neuropsychologia, 30, 899–910.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Glisky, E. L. (1993). Training persons with traumatic brain injury for complex computer jobs: The domain-specific learning approach. In D. F. Thomas, F. E. Menz, and D. C. McAlles (Eds.), Community-based employment following traumatic brain injury (pp. 3–27 ). Menomonie: University of Wisconsin-Stout Research and Training Center.Google Scholar
  17. Glisky, E. L., and Schacter, D. L. (1987). Acquisition of domain-specific knowledge in organic amnesia: Training for computer-related work. Neuropsychologia, 25, 893–906.Google Scholar
  18. Goldstein, G., and Malec, E. A. (1989). Memory training for severely amnesic patients. Neuropsychology, 3, 9–16.Google Scholar
  19. Goldstein, G., Ryan, C., and Kanagy, M. (1982, June). Neuropsychological assessment and retraining of an amnesic patient: A case report. Paper presented at the 5th International Neuropsychological Society European conference, Deauville, France.Google Scholar
  20. Goldstein, G., Turner, S., Holzman, A., Kanagy, M., Elmore, S., and Barry, K. (1982). An evaluation of reality orientation therapy. Journal of Behavioral Assessment, 4, 165–178.Google Scholar
  21. Goldstein, G., Ryan, C., Turner, S., Kanagy, M., Barry, K., and Kelly, L. (1985). Three methods of memory training for severely amnesic patients. Behavior Modification, 9, 357–374.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Goldstein, G., McCue, M., Turner, S. M., Spanier, C., Malec, E. A., and Shelly, C. (1988). An efficacy study of memory training for patients with closed-head injury. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 2, 251–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Goldstein, G., Beers, S. R., Longmore, S., and McCue, M. (1996). The efficacy of memory training: A technological extension and replication. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 10, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Goldstein, G., Beers, S. R., Shemansky, W. J., and Longmore, S. (in press). An assistive device for severely amnesic patients. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. Google Scholar
  25. Goodglass, H., and Kaplan, E. (1983). The assessment of aphasia and related disorders ( 2nd ed. ). Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger.Google Scholar
  26. Gordon, W. A, and Hibbard, M. R. (1992). Critical issues in cognitive remediation. Neuropsychology, 6, 361–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Harris, J. E. (1992). Ways to help memory. In B. A. Wilson and N. Moffat (Eds.), Clinical management of memory problems (pp. 59–85 ). London: Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
  28. Intons-Peterson, M. J., and Newsone, G. L. (1992). External memory aids: Effects and effectiveness. In D. J. Herrmann, J. Weingartner, A. Searleman, and C. McEnvoy. (Eds.), Memory improvement: Implications for memory theory (pp. 101–121). New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  29. Jackson, J. L., Rogers, H., and Kerstholt, J. (1988). Do memory aids aid the elderly in their day to day remembering? In M. M. Gruneberg, P. E. Morris, and R. N. Sykes (Eds.), Practical aspects of memory: Current research and issues: Vol. 2. Clinical and educational implications (pp. 137–142 ). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  30. Jaffe, P., and Katz, A. (1975). Attenuating anterograde amnesia in Korsakoff’s psychosis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 84, 559–562.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kapur, N. (1995). Memory aids in the rehabilitation of memory disordered patients. In A. D. Baddeley, B. A. Wilson, and F. N. Watts (Eds.), Handbook of memory disorders (pp. 553–556 ). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  32. Kovner, R., Mattis, S., and Goldmeier, E. (1983). A technique for promoting robust free recall in chronic organic amnesia. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 5, 65–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kovner, R., Mattis, S., and Pass, R. (1985). Some amnesic patients can freely recall large amounts of information in new contexts. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 2 395–411.Google Scholar
  34. Leng, N. R. C., and Copello, A. G. (1990). Rehabilitation of memory after brain injury: Is there an effective technique? Clinical Rehabilitation, 4, 63–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Levin, H. S. (1990). Cognitive rehabilitation: Unproved but promising. Archives of Neurology, 47, 223–224.Google Scholar
  36. Lewinsohn, P., Danaher, B., and Kikel, S. (1977). Visual imagery as a mnemonic aid for brain-injured persons. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45, 717–723.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lorayne, H., and Lucas, J. (1974). The memory book. New York: Stein and Day.Google Scholar
  38. Lynch, W. J. (1992). Ecological validity of cognitive rehabilitation software. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 7 (3), 36–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Matthews, C. G., Harley, J. P., and Malec, J. F. (1991). Guidelines for computer-assisted neuropsychological rehabilitation and cognitive remediation. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 5, 3–19.Google Scholar
  40. Mattis, S. (1988). DRS Dementia Rating Scale: Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  41. McCue, M., Aitken, S., Chase, S. L., Petrick, J., Pramuka, M., and Ratcliff, G. (1995). Ecologically valid assessment of problem-solving ability: The American Multiple Errands Test. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 1, 149.Google Scholar
  42. Mitchell, J. V., Jr. (Ed.). (1985). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised. In The ninth mental measurements yearbook (pp. 1694–1705 ). Lincoln: University of Nebraska.Google Scholar
  43. Moffat, N. (1984). Strategies of memory therapy. In B. A. Wilson and N. Moffat (Eds.), Clinical management of memory problems (pp. 63–88 ). Germantown, MD: Aspen Systems.Google Scholar
  44. Rasking, M. (1993). Assistive technology and adults with learning disabilities: A blueprint for exploration and advancement. Learning Disability Quarterly, 16, 185–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Richardson, J. T. E. (1992). Imagery mnemonics and memory remediation. Neurology, 42, 283–285.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rogers, J. C., and Holm, M. B. (1994). The Performance Assessment of Self-Care Skills (PASS) (version 3.1). Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  47. Schacter, D. L., Cooper, L. A., Tharan, M., and Rubens, A. R. (1991). Preserved priming of novel objects in patients with memory disorders. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 118–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Speight, I., Laufer, M. E., and Klaus, M. (1992). CIV (computer-aided interactive video): A novel application in neuropsychological rehabilitation. Computers in Human Behavior, 9, 95–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Squire, L. (1992). Memory and the hippocampus: A synthesis from findings with rats, monkeys, and humans. Psychological Review, 99, 195–231.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Stringer, A. Y. (1996). A guide to adult neuropsychological diagnosis. Philadelphia: Davis.Google Scholar
  51. Sunderland, A., Harris, J. E., and Gleave, J. (1984). Memory failures in everyday life following severe head injury. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 6, 127–142.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wechsler, D. (1981). Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised. New York: Psychological Corp.Google Scholar
  53. Wechsler, D. (1987). Manual for the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised. New York: Psychological Corp.Google Scholar
  54. Wilson, B. (1986). Rehabilitation of memory. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  55. Wilson, B., Cockburn, J., and Baddeley, A. (1985). The Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test manual. Reading, England: Thames Valley Test Co.Google Scholar
  56. Wilson, B., Cockburn, J., and Baddeley, A. (1989). The development and validation of a test battery for detecting and monitoring everyday memory problems. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 11, 855–870.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Wilson, B. A. (1992). Recovery and compensatory strategies in head injured memory impaired people several years after insults. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 55(3), 177–180.Google Scholar
  58. Wilson, B. A. (1995). Management and remediation of memory problems in brain-injured adults. In A. D. Baddeley, B. A. Wilson, and F. N. Watts (Eds.), Handbook of memory disorders (pp. 451–479 ). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  59. Wilson, B. A., and Moffat, N. (Eds.). (1984). Clinical management of memory problems. Rockville, MD: Aspen.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sue R. Beers
    • 1
  • Gerald Goldstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Highland Drive Division (151R)VA Pittsburgh Healthcare SystemPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations