The interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter occurs over a broad range of frequencies and usually in a highly specific manner (Table 5-1). The study and use of these interactions comprise the domain of spectroscopy that provides information ranging from the electronic structure of atoms to the dynamics of polymeric chains In the most general conventional arrangement the sample (which may be solid, liquid, or gas) is irradiated with monochromatic (single-wavelength) radiation and the extent of the interaction is evaluated from the attenuation of the original radiation or by observing the secondary radiation emitted from the sample (Figure 5-1). The absorption of the primary radiation can also be coupled to other, nonoptical effects, such as the increase in temperature or pressure, or the change in electrical conductivity.


Optical Fiber Optical Sensor Optical Waveguide Evanescent Wave Evanescent Field 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Janata
    • 1
  1. 1.University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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