Potential Benefits of Preventive Nutrition Strategies

Lessons for the United States
  • Walter C. Willett
Part of the Nutrition ◊ and ◊ Health book series (NH)


For years, the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) served as nutritional guidelines for individuals and institutions (1). However, these have developed from minimalist criteria primarily aimed at prevention of clinical deficiencies. These guidelines were later supplemented with recommendations to reduce dietary fat and cholesterol. In recent years, attention has focused on specific types of fat and suboptimal intake of dietary factors, even in the absence of recognized clinical deficiency. Dietary factors, including substances not generally considered to be nutrients, now appear involved in the cause or prevention of conditions as diverse as coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, many cancers, cataracts, and birth defects. The National Research Council (NRC) and the Surgeon General’s office (2,3) have examined the relationship of diet to health more broadly and issued new recommendations. This brief overview will build on the 1989 NRC report on Diet and Health (2) emphasizing subsequent fmdings.


Coronary Heart Disease Folic Acid Natl Cancer Inst Trans Fatty Acid Coronary Heart Disease Risk 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter C. Willett

There are no affiliations available

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