Antioxidant Nutrients and Prevention of Oxidant-Mediated, Smoking-Related Diseases

  • Ronald Anderson
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition ◊ and ◊ Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Certain high-risk occupations, adverse socioeconomic and sociocultural circumstances, and unhealthy, avoidable aspects of lifestyle may, individually or collectively, result in heightened levels of oxidative stress, predisposing the individual to future development of oxidant-mediated organ dysfunction and disease (1,2). Outdated and/or poorly regulated industrial practices, unacceptably high levels of vehicle exhaust emissions, overpopulation associated with overcrowded, poorly ventilated, nonelectrified dwellings and poor dispersal of atmospheric pollutants because of unfavorable climatic conditions and/or topography are problems commonly encountered in, but not limited to, many developing countries (3,4). In these circumstances, chronic exposure to excessive levels of atmospheric pollution in the workplace, environment, and home is accompanied by increased oxidative stress. Unhealthy lifestyles, such as poor dietary habits, especially low intake of fresh fruits and vegetables (5), cigarette smoking (2), and in some cases excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation (6), also accelerate the onset of those degenerative diseases (cataracts, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, pulmonary dysfunction, and emphysema), which have a suspected oxidant-mediated etiology (1,2).

Keywords

Cigarette Smoking Plasma Vitamin Pulmonary Dysfunction Antioxidant Nutrient Oxidative Inactivation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

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  • Ronald Anderson

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