Reduction of stress by relaxation techniques

Their possible use in the reduction of aggression
  • José María Poveda
  • Eglée Iciarte
  • Ernesto Toro-Lira
  • Roberto Rodríguez
  • Jesús Poveda
  • J. Martín Ramírez


It is generally accepted that aggressive behavior is a specific feature of a more general pattern of stress reactions in response to a changing environment1. For example, vulnerability to emotional distress may be in fact related to the increased risk of aggression in political prisioners2 and in abused children, as suggested by Skarpa and Kolko3 who found that physically abused children who ‘internalized’ their abuse experiences were more likely to become aggressive4,5,6 In school, the level of the students anger and hostility was significantly connected with the frequency and intensity of stress.7,8,9 This close relationship between stress and aggression is also observed in the many emotional effects of stressful environmental factors which can be elicitors of aggression. For instance, noise can increase aggression10 and heat is also a moderately effective stimulus for increasing aggression in humans11 (see a recent review in Ramirez12)


Abuse Child Violence Exposure Relaxation Technique Respiratory Frequency Rape Myth 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • José María Poveda
    • 1
  • Eglée Iciarte
    • 1
  • Ernesto Toro-Lira
    • 1
  • Roberto Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Jesús Poveda
    • 1
  • J. Martín Ramírez
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversidad Autónoma de MadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of PsychobiologyUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain

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