Benign Lesions of the Cervix

  • Alex Ferenczy


Acute inflammation of the cervix results from direct infection by nonspecific microorganisms or by secondary invaders. The former group includes streptococci, staphylococci, and enterococci, and infections with these organisms are prone to occur in puerperal infections. Among the most common secondary invaders are the gram-negative diplococci, Neisseria gonorrhoea, Trichomonas vaginalis, and Candida albicans. Foreign bodies introduced into the vagina, namely, fragments of residual tampons and pes-series, may also lead to acute cervical inflammation. Clinically, acute cervicitis is manifested by purulent vaginal discharge, which is yellowish green when the infection is caused by Trichomonas and whitish with white flakes when Candida is the causative agent. Backache, vulvar pruritus, and painful urination, when the urethra is involved, are often accompanied by vaginal discharge. An acutely inflamed cervix is swollen and reddened because of an increase in stromal edema and terminal vasculature of the cervix. Histologically, there is extensive stromal edema with polymorphonuclear leukocytic infiltration and often focal loss of mucous membrane.


Uterine Cervix Cervix Uterus Verrucous Carcinoma Condyloma Acuminata Blue Nevus 
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  • Alex Ferenczy

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