Endometrium, the normal lining mucosa of the uterus, is found in a variety of ectopic sites (Figures 22.1 and 22.2).9,20,21,42–45 Some of the extrauterine locations in which it has been found include (in order of frequency):


Endometrial Tissue Pathologic Alteration Endometrioid Carcinoma Rectovaginal Septum Pelvic Endometriosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ballon, H. C., Strean, G. J., and Simon, M. A. Obstructive ulcerated endometriosis of the rectum diagnosed by proctoscopic biopsy. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 74: 817, 1956.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benz, E. S., Dockerty, M. B., and Dixon, C. F. Polypoid endometrioma of colon; case in which unusual pathologic features were present. Proc. Staff Meet., Mayo Clin. 27: 201, 1952.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Biebl, M. Bauchferne Endometriose am Unterarm und ihre Bedcutting fur eine neue Lehre von cincr einheitlich mesenchymalen Genese der Endometriosen allgemein. Zentralbl. f. Chir. 65: 1026, 1938.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bose, A., and Dayson, J. Endometriosis of the small intestine. Br. J. Surg. 56: 109, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bungeler, W., and Fleury Silveira, D. Consideracos sobre a patogenia das endometrioses (a proposito de tres casos de endometriose externs). Arg. de cir. clin. 3 exper. 3:169, 1939; Abstr. in Obstet. Gynecol. Surv. 1:408, 1946.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Charles, D. Endometriosis and hemorrhagic pleural effusion. Obstet. Gynecol. 10: 309, 1957.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Colcock, B. P., and Lamphier, T. A. Endometriosis. Ann. Surg. 131: 507, 1950.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cullen, T. S. Adeno-myoma of the round ligament. Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 7: 112, 1896.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cullen, T. S. Discussion: Symposium on misplaced endometrial tissue. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 10: 732, 1925.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cunningham, K., and Smith, K. V. A case of intussusception caused by endometriosis of ileum. Br. J. Surg. 36: 50, 1948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Davis, C., Alexander, R. W., and Buenger, R. E. Surgery of endometriosis of ileum and colon. Am. J. Surg. 105: 250, 1963.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    DeJong, J. Subserose adenomyomatose des dunndarms. Virchows Arch. [Pathol. Anat. Physiol.] 211: 141, 1913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gray, L. A. Endometriosis of the bowel: Role of bowel resection, superficial excision and oophorectomy in treatment. Am. Surg. 177: 380, 1973.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gruenwald, P. Origin of endometriosis from mesenchyme of celomic walls. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 44: 470, 1942.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hauck, A. E. Endometriosis of the colon. Ann. Surg. 151: 896, 1960.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Henriksen, E. Primary Endometriosis of the urinary bladder: Report of one case. DAMA 104: 1401, 1935.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Henricksen, E. Endometriosis. Am. J. Surg. 90: 331, 1955.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Israel, S. L. Menstrual Disorders and Sterility. 5th ed. New York, Hoeber Medical Division, Harper and Row, 1967.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ivanoff, N. S. K Voprosu ob adenomiomakh matki (Thesis). St. Petersburg K 897, 1907.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Javert, C. T. Pathogenesis of endometriosis based upon endometrial homeoplasia, direct extension, exfoliation, and implantation: Lymphocytic and hematogenous metastasis (including 5 case reports of endometrial tissue in pelvic lymph nodes). Cancer 2: 399, 1949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Javert, C. T. Observations on the pathology and spread of endometriosis based on the theory of benign metastasis. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 62 (3): 477, 1951.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jenkinson, E. L., and Brown, W. H. Endometriosis: A study of 117 cases with special reference to constricting lesions of the rectum and sigmoid colon. JAMA 122: 349, 1943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jimenz, M., and Miles, R. M. Inguinal endometriosis. Ann. Surg. 151: 193, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Keene, F. E. Perforating ovarian cysts (Sampson’s) with invasion of the bladder wall, report of two cases. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 10: 619, 1925.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kistner, R. W. Infertility with endometriosis: Plan of therapy. Fertil. Steril. 13: 237, 1962.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kistner, R. W. Principles of Gynecology. Chicago, Year Book, 1964.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Macafee, C. H. G., and Greer, H. L. H. Intestinal endometriosis. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Br. Commonw. 67: 538, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mankin, Z. W. Beitrage zur Histogeneses der Endometriome mit Hinweis auf eine besonders selten vorkommende Lokalisation in mittleren Oberschenkeldrittel. Arch. f. Gynak. 159: 671, 1935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Mankin, Z. W. Beitrage zur histogeneses der Endometriome mit Hinweis auf eine besonders selten vorkommende Lokalisation in mittleren Oberschenkeldrittel. Arch. f. Gynak. 159: 671, 1935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Marshall, V. F. The occurrence of endometrial tissue in the kidney; case report and discussion. J. Urol. 50: 652, 1943.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    McKittrick, L. S. Discussion of Cattell’s paper. N. Engl. J. Med. 217: 16, 1937.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Melody, G. F. Endometriosis causing obstruction of the ileum. Obstet. Gynecol. 8: 468, 1956.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Novak, E. Pelvic endometriosis. Spontaneous rupture of endometrial cysts, with a report of three cases. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 22: 826, 1931.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rio, F. W., Edwards, D. L., Regan, J. F., and Schmutzer, K. J. Endometriosis of the small bowel. Arch. Surg. 101: 403, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ripstein, C. B., Rohman, M., and Wallach, J. B. Endometriosis involving the pleura. J. Thoracic Surg. 37: 464, 1959.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sampson, J. A. Perforating hemorrhagic (chocolate) cysts of the ovary; their importance and especially their relation to pelvic adenomas of endometrial type (“adenomyoma” of the uterus, rectovaginal septum, sigmoid, etc.). Arch. Surg. 3: 245, 1921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sampson, J. A. Intestinal adenomas of endometrial type. Arch. Surg. 5: 217, 1922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Sampson, J. A. The life history of ovarian hematomas (hemorrhagic cysts) of endometrial (Mullerian) type. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 4: 451, 1922.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sampson, J. A. Ovarian hematomas of endometrial type (perforating hemorrhagic cysts of the ovary) and implantation adenomas of endometrial type. Boston M. and S. J. 186: 445, 1922.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sampson, J. A. Benign and malignant endometrial implants in the peritoneal cavity and their relation to certain ovarian tumors. Surg. Gynecol. Obstet. 38: 287, 1924.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Sampson, J. A. Endometrial carcinoma of the ovary, arising in endometrial tissue in that organ. Arch. Surg. 10: 1, 1925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Sampson, J. A. Heterotopic or misplaced endometrial tissue. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 10:649, disc. 730–738, 1925.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Sampson, J. A. Inguinal endometriosis (often reported as endometrial tissue in groin, adenomyoma in groin and adenomyoma of round ligament). Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 10: 462, 1925.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Sampson, J. A. Metastatic or embolic endometriosis, due to menstrual dissemination of endometrial tissue into the venous circulation. Am. J. Pathol. 3: 93, 1927.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Sampson, J. A. Peritoneal endometriosis due to menstrual dissemination of endometrial tissue into the peritoneal cavity. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 14: 422, 1927.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Sampson, J. A. Development of the implantation theory for origin of peritoneal endometriosis. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 40: 549, 1940.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Sampson, J. A. Pathogenesis of postsalpingectomy endometriosis in laparotomy scars. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 50: 597, 1945.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Senapati, M. D. Endometriosis of the appendix. Br. J. Surg. 4: 330, 1953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    von Recklinghausen, F. Ueber die venose Embolic und den regrograden Transport in den Venen und in den Lymphgefassen. Virchows Arch. [Pathol. Anat.] 100: 503, 1885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ancel Blaustein

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations