those which are tied to the physical imperfections of the material and which can be reduced by perfecting the manufacturing processes or by improving the system designs (e.g. by reducing the microphony associated with mechanical coupling between the detector and certain moving parts of the instrument);
those which are tied to the physical principles themselves and which constitute the ultimate limitations (e.g. photon noise).
KeywordsNoise Source Thermal Noise Radiation Detector Photon Detector Noise Equivalent Power
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