Noise in second-order oscillators

  • Jan R. Westra
  • Chris J. M. Verhoeven
  • Arthur H. M. van Roermund
Chapter

Abstract

In the previous chapter, we concentrated completely on the noise behavior of oscillators using a first-order timing reference. In this section, we concentrate on the class of oscillators using a second-order timing reference. In Chapter 3, a complete classification of this class of oscillators is given, which is used in this chapter as a guideline. We have seen that we can distinguish the classes of second-order relaxation oscillators and second-order harmonic oscillators. First, in Section 6.2, the class of second-order relaxation oscillators is covered. It is shown that this class of oscillators is not very interesting from a high-performance point of view, although it incorporates many well-known oscillators. After that, in Section 6.3, the noise behavior of the second-order harmonic oscillators is described. Finally, the chapter is summarized in Section 6.4

Keywords

Phase Noise Timing Reference Relaxation Oscillator Loop Gain Noise Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan R. Westra
    • 1
  • Chris J. M. Verhoeven
    • 2
  • Arthur H. M. van Roermund
    • 2
  1. 1.Philips Research LaboratoriesThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Delft University of TechnologyThe Netherlands

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