Biological calcification, silicification, and the precipitation of transition metal oxides appear to have much in common. Three features are discussed: the role of the boundary membrane, ATP driven electroneutral transport of cations to the mineralization site, and passive electroneutral concentration of anions. Ion concentrations at the site of CaCO3 and Ca5OH(PO4)3 precipitation are modeled, and some relationships between mineralization and cytosolic chemistry and evolution are explored.


Fluid Transport Boundary Membrane Alkaline Side Coplasmic Reticulum Radular Tooth 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ted McConnaughey
    • 1
  1. 1.Oceanography WB-10University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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