Amino Acids in Planktonic Foraminifera: Are They Phylogenetically Useful?

  • Linda Stathoplos
  • P. E. Hare


Planktonic foraminiferal amino acid profiles from deep-sea core samples spanning over 3 million years and three ocean basins show that intra-specific variability, although increasing with sample age, is less than inter-specific variability. Profiles are not specific at the level of morphotype for the species examined. Thus, these profiles are useful for grouping morphotypes at a given time slice into species, and for tracing these species through time.


High Performance Liquid Chromatography Late Pleistocene Planktonic Foraminifera Amino Acid Profile Principal Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. BANNER, F.T., SHEEHAN, R, and WILLIAMS, E., 1973. The organic skeletons of rotaline foraminifera: A review. J. Foram. Res., 3: 30–42.Google Scholar
  2. BENSON, J.R, and HARE, P.E., 1975. o-Phthalaldehyde: Fluorogenic detection of primary amines in the picomole range. Comparison with fluorescamine and ninhydrin. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., USA, 72: 619622.Google Scholar
  3. HARE, P.E., 1971. Ultrasensitive amino acid analyzer. Carnegie Inst. Washington, Yearbook, 70:268–269. HARE, P.E., 1975. Amino acid composition by column chromatography. In Protein Sequence Determination, 2nd edition (ed. S.B. Needleman ), pp. 204–231. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  4. KENNEII, J.P., and SRINIVASAN, M.S., 1983. Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera: A Phylogenetic Atlas. 265 pp. Stroudsburg, PA: Hutchinson Ross Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  5. KENNETT, J.P., VON DER BORCH, C.C., et al,1986. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Volume 90. Washington: U.S. Govt. Printing Office.Google Scholar
  6. KING, JR., K, and HARE, P.E., 1972a. Species effects in the epimerization of L-isoleucine in fossil planktonic foraminifera. Carnegie Inst. Washington Yearbook, 71: 596–598.Google Scholar
  7. KING, JR, K., and HARE, P.E., 1972b. Amino acid composition of planktonic foraminifera: A paleobiochemical approach to evolution. Science, 175: 1461–1463.Google Scholar
  8. KING, JR., K., and HARE, P.E., 1972c. Amino acid composition of the test as a taxonomic character for living and fossil planktonic foraminifera. Micropaleo., 18: 285–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. MCFARLAND, J.W., and GANS, D.J., 1986. On the significance of clusters in the graphical display of structure activity data. J. Medicinal Chem., 29: 505–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. MILLER, G.H., 1982. Quaternary depositional episodes, Western Spitsbergen, Norway; aminostratigraphy and glacial history. Arctic Alpine Res., 14: 321–340.Google Scholar
  11. MILLER, G.H., SEJRUP, H.P., MANGERUD, J., and ANDERSEN, B.G., 1983. Amino acid ratios in Quaternary molluscs and foraminifera from Western Norway: Correlation, geochronology and paleotemperature estimates. Boreas, 12: 107–124.Google Scholar
  12. MOORE, S., and STEIN, W.H., 1954. Procedures for the chromatographic determination of amino acids on four percent cross-linked sulfonated polystyrene resins. J. Biol. Chem., 211: 893–906.Google Scholar
  13. MÜLLER, P.J., 1984. Isoleucine epimerization in Quaternary planktonic foraminifera: Effects of diagenetic hydrolysis and leaching, and Atlantic-Pacific intercore correlations. “Meteor” Forsch: Ergrebnisse (C), 38: 25–47.Google Scholar
  14. NATRELLA, M.G., 1963. Experimental statistics. National Bureau of Standards Handbook 91. 536 pp. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Govt. Printing Office.Google Scholar
  15. PERILLO, G.M.E., and MARONE, E., 1986. Determination of optimal numbers of class intervals using maximum entropy. Math. Geol., 18: 401–407.Google Scholar
  16. REISS, Z., 1957. The Bilamellidea, nov. superfam., and remarks on Cretaceous globorotalids. Cushman Found. Foram. Res. Cont., 8: 127–145.Google Scholar
  17. REISS, Z., 1958. Classification of lamellar foraminifera. Micropaleo., 4: 51–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ROTH, M., 1971. Fluorescence reaction foramino acids. Analyt. Chem., 43: 880–882.Google Scholar
  19. SAILA, S.B., RECKSIEK, C.W., PRAGER, M.H., and CHEN, X., unpub. BARTTR: Bartlett’s test for homogeneity of variance (including four transformations). Fishery Sci. Appl. Prog..Google Scholar
  20. SAS Institute, Inc., 1982. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics, 1982 edition. 956 pp. Cary, NC: SAS Institute, Inc. STEIN, R., 1985. The post-Eocene sediment record of DSDP Site 366: implications for African climate and plate tectonic drift. Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem., 163: 305–315.Google Scholar
  21. TOWE, K., and CIFELLI, R., 1967. Wall ultrastructure in the calcareous Foraminifera: crystallographic aspects and a model for calcification. J. Paleont., 41: 742–762.Google Scholar
  22. WEI IMILLER, J.W., 1986. Amino acid racemization geochronology. In Dating Young Sediments (eds. A.J. Hurford, E. Jäger, and J.A.M. TenCate), pp. 139–158. Bangkok, Thailand: United Nations CCOP Technical Publication 16.Google Scholar
  23. WEINER, S., and EREZ, J., 1984. Organic matrix of the shell of the foraminifer, Heterostegina depressa. J. Foram. Res., 14: 206–212.Google Scholar
  24. WOLD, S., ALBANO, C., DUNN III, W.J., EDLUND, U., ESBENSEN, K., GELADI, P., HELLBERG, S., JOHANSSON, E., LINDBERG, W., and SJÖSTRÖM, M., 1984. Multivariate data analysis in chemistry. In Chemometrics, Mathematics and Statistics in Chemistry (ed. B.R.Kowalski ), pp. 17–95. Dordrecht, Holland: D.Reidel Publishing Co..Google Scholar
  25. WOLD, S., and SJÖSTRÖM, M., 1977. SIMCA: a model for analyzing chemical data in terms of similarity and analogy. In Chemometrics, Theory and Application, (ed. B.R. Kowalski), pp. 243–252. Amer. Chem. Soc. Sym. Series No. 52.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda Stathoplos
    • 1
  • P. E. Hare
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of OceanographyUniversity of Rhode IslandNarragansettUSA
  2. 2.Geophysical LaboratoryCarnegie Institution of WashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations