• Daniel J. Shanefield


Plasticity in Ancient and Modern Processing. In the original, ancient technology of ceramics, a mixture of clay and water was found to have the useful characteristic of “plastic flow.” This phrase means that the clay and water mixture can be made to flow into a desired shape by applying a moderate amount of force, for example, by the direct action of human hands. However, when the potter takes his or her hands away from the clay, and only the much smaller force of gravity is then present, the clay will no longer flow. Thus, while the plastic clay-water mixture can readily be shaped by moderate force, it will still keep this shape on the storage shelf until it is fired. Ceramic technology, ancient or modern, is hardly possible without this special capability. When wetted with water, some types of clay such as “ball clay” have better flow properties than others, and these are used for making ceramics where precise shaping is desired. (Note: many of these words are defined more completely in Appendix I.)


Sodium Silicate Barium Titanate Ceramic Powder Organic Additive Ceramic Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. K. Chan and D. J. Shanefield, Am. Ceram. Soc. Bul., 68 (1989) 854.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel J. Shanefield
    • 1
  1. 1.Rutgers UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations