Summary and Future

  • A. J. Welch
  • Martin J. C. van Gemert
Part of the Lasers, Photonics, and Electro-Optics book series (LPEO)


Throughout this book, authors have described the optical and thermal response of tissue to laser irradiation. Much of it has been based upon linear analysis; that is, if the irradiance is increased by a factor of k, then fluence rate, rate of heat generation, and temperature rise increase by the same factor of k. Obviously, many medical applications of lasers involve nonlinear processes and hence parameters that do not remain constant during a diagnostic or treatment procedure.


Fluence Rate Port Wine Stain Real Tissue Photon Density Wave Light Dosimetry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Welch
    • 1
  • Martin J. C. van Gemert
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.Laser CenterAcademic Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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