The temporal lobes are usually associated with the processing of auditory stimuli; indeed, the primary and association auditory areas are localized within the superior temporal gyms. Nevertheless, the temporal lobe also receives extensive projections from the somesthetic and visual association areas 18 and 19 (Jones & Powell, 1970; Seltzer and Pandya, 1978); receives and processes gustatory, visceral, and olfactory sensations; harbors the amygdala and hippocampus within its inferior depths; and contains a considerable number of neurons that are heavily involved in the performance of complex visual integrative activities, including visual closure and the recognition of specific meaningful forms. Indeed, it has been argued that the temporal lobe evolved from visual cortex (Diamond, 1943), and it is apparent based on a variety of neurophysiological, neuroanatomical, and behavioral studies that the middle, inferior, and posterior—superior temporal lobe are indeed cortical visual areas.


Temporal Lobe Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Environmental Sound Left Temporal Lobe Arcuate Fasciculus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rhawn Joseph
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurobehavioral CenterSanta ClaraUSA

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