Musical Ensembles

  • John M. Eargle


In this chapter we will deal with musical ensembles, briefly tracing their history from the beginnings to the present day. We will discuss acoustical balances within the ensembles, traditions in stage layout, and acoustical output levels.


Sound Pressure Level Symphony Orchestra Concert Hall Seating Arrangement String Instrument 
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References Cited

  1. Benade, A. 1976. Fundamentals of Musical Acoustics. New York: Oxford.Google Scholar
  2. Sundberg, J. “Perception of Singing.” In Deutsch, D. The Psychology of Music. New York: Academic Press. 59–98.Google Scholar
  3. Ternstrom, S., and J. Sundberg. 1988. “Intonation of Choir Singers.” J. Acoustical Society of America 84, no. 1 (July).Google Scholar
  4. Veneklasen, P. 1986. “Science in the Service of the Performing Arts.” Paul S. Veneklasen Research Foundation, 1711 Sixteenth Street, Santa Monica, CA.Google Scholar
  5. Woolford, D. 1984. “Sound Pressure Levels in Symphony Orchestras and Hearing.” Presented at Australian Regional Audio Engineering Society Convention, 25–27 September, Melbourne (AES preprint number 2104).Google Scholar

Recommended Reading

  1. Beranek, L. 1962. Music, Acoustics, and Architecture. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  2. Culshaw, J. 1957. Ring Resounding. New York: Viking Press.Google Scholar
  3. Eargle, J. 1992. Handbook of Recording Engineering. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Forsyth, M. 1985. Buildings for Music. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Greiner, F., and J. Eggers. 1989. “The Spectral Amplitude Distribution of Selected Compact Discs.” J. Audio Engineering Society 37, no. 4 (April).Google Scholar
  6. Meyer, J. 1978. Acoustics and the Performance of Music. Trans. Bowsher and Westphal. Frankfurt: Verlag Das Musikinstrument.Google Scholar
  7. Ranada, D. 1986. “The Orchestral Image.” Opus Magazine 2, no. 6 (Oct.).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Eargle

There are no affiliations available

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