Accelerators for μ-Production
Muon catalysed fusion (MCF) relies on an abundant production of μ − particles, which, in turn, are essential in the formation of so-called meso-molecules, capable of fusing spontaneously in about a picosecond1. The µ − particles (in fact ‘heavy’ electrons) are created in the π− decay and these latter mesons are a product of the bombardment of a target by an energetic particle beam. The target is, at the same time, the fusion ‘fuel’; it is composed of a gaseous mixture of deuterium and tritium at high density (~ 5 × 1022 atoms per cm3), but at low temperature (~ room temperature). The charged particles composing the beam are deuterons; they are more efficient than protons in π− production. Tritons would be still more efficient, but being unstable they are not considered here for use in particle accelerators.
KeywordsDrift Tube Quadrupole Lens Continuous Wave Operation Muon Catalysed Fusion Synchronous Phase
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