Mosquitoes differ from all other members of the Nematocera by having a long scaled proboscis (labium and stylets), always longer than the thorax, which projects forward together with the maxillary palps (Fig. 5.1). The latter are as long as or longer than the proboscis in males of most species, and females of the genus Anopheles. The head, thorax and abdomen are covered with scales, the extent of coverage of which is genus specific. The legs, wing margins and wing veins are typically clothed with scales. The closest resemblance is found within the families of slender, long-legged crane flies (Tipulidae) and non-biting midges (Chironomidae), the latter often being mistaken for mosquitoes especially around artificial light at night. However neither of these families have mouthparts for piercing and sucking. The mandibulate mouthparts of the tipulids are of the biting and chewing type, and articulated on the tip of a prolonged, beak-like gnathocephalon. However, the Chironomidae usually have a reduced gnathocephalon and biting mouthparts. In addition, the Chironomidae possess a conspicuously humped thorax, and often particularly long, forward-facing fore legs.
KeywordsFrontal Seta Abdominal Segment Head Capsule Maxillary Palp Segment VIII
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