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Integrated Pest Management

  • Norbert Becker
  • Dušan Petrić
  • Clive Boase
  • John Lane
  • Marija Zgomba
  • Christine Dahl
  • Achim Kaiser

Abstract

What are the costs in terms of the effects on the environment, human health, wildlife, beneficial insects and the safety of food and water, if people continue to use pesticides at the current rate? Mankind has recognised the costs in the last decades, and will continue to suffer the consequences unless people reduce their dependence on non-selective pesticides as being the only solution to mosquito problems. The society must advocate specific, carefully planned pesticide use, integrated with other control measures. Integrated pest management (IPM) devises a workable combination of the best components of all control methods applicable to, for example, a mosquito problem. For this reason IPM in mosquito control, which could be also called Integrated Mosquito Management (IMM), is the application of sound ecological principles to maintain mosquito populations below the acceptable nuisance and health injury level. It is more precisely defined as the rational combination of all available control methods aimed to maintain mosquito population at acceptable levels in the most effective, economical and safe manner.

Keywords

Integrate Pest Management Personal Protective Equipment Mosquito Control Empty Container Label Requirement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norbert Becker
    • 1
  • Dušan Petrić
    • 2
  • Clive Boase
    • 3
  • John Lane
    • 4
  • Marija Zgomba
    • 2
  • Christine Dahl
    • 5
  • Achim Kaiser
    • 1
  1. 1.German Mosquito Control Association (KABS)WaldseeGermany
  2. 2.University of Novi SadNovi SadYugoslavia
  3. 3.The Pest Management ConsultancyHaverhillUK
  4. 4.London School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonEngland
  5. 5.Uppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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